The 9th WHO Global Conference on Health Promotion - held in Shanghai, China in November 2016 - was extraordinary. It was held almost exactly 30 years after the first Global Conference in Ottawa, Canada that produced the Ottawa Charter (WHO 1986). The Ottawa Charter brought about a genuine paradigm shift in thinking about how to improve public health. The Shanghai Conference could prove to be another watershed for public health action if the ideas and commitments developed at the Conference are taken forward and acted upon meaningfully. The Conference centrally positioned health promotion within the 2030 UN Agenda for Sustainable Development (UN 2015). The actions required to achieve the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) set the direction, tone and aspirations for the meeting. Critical actions proposed for member states at the national...

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