The research which has been done into the Turkish genocide of Armenians in World War I has seldom dealt with the identities of the perpetrators. This study reveals the crucial role played by Turkish physicians in planning and carrying out this genocide. These physicians were influential in propagating the nationalist ideological justifications for this crime, as well as in organizing and leading units which killed Armerians through mass deportations, shooting, medical murder, medical experiments and other means. The evidence raises many disturbing questions regarding medical ethics when wedded to a radical, exclusive nationalist ideology

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