policing, demonstrations, use of lethal force, planning and control, duty to investigate, Article 2 European Convention on Human Rights - Giuliani and Gaggio v Italy
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This Grand Chamber judgment resulted from the shooting of a demonstrator, Carlo Giuliani, during the mass protests that accompanied the G8 Summit in Genoa on July 2001.1 Following an operation by a group of carabinieri military police against a protest march, a carabiniere Land Rover became isolated and was subjected to a violent attack by a crowd of demonstrators. Trapped in the back of the vehicle, suffering from the effects of tear gas and exhaustion, and panicked by the situation, carabiniere officer, Mario Placanica, fired his service pistol causing Giuliani's death, apparently due to the fatal bullet ricocheting from a stone thrown...

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