Markus C. Becker, Centre National de Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Bureau
d’Economie Théorique et Appliquée (BETA), 61, Avenue de la
Forêt Noire, F-67085 Strasbourg Cedex, France. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Over twenty years have passed since Nelson and Winter put the concept of routines
firmly at the center of the analysis of organizational and economic change. A growing
number of researchers have followed their example since. However, researchers have not
always had the same idea of what routines are and what effect they have on organizations.
Over time, this has left the literature on routines riddled with ambiguities. For
researchers who want to apply the concept of routines in their research, it is not easy
to get an overview of the current thinking about routines and their effects. This article
offers a systematic review of the literature that has contributed to the theoretical
development of the concept of routines, and of the empirical literature that has applied
the concept of routines.