Abstract

Welschinger's invariant bounds from below the number of real rational curves through a given generic collection of real points in the real projective plane. We estimate this invariant using Mikhalkin's approach which deals with a corresponding count of tropical curves. In particular, our estimate implies that, for any positive integer d, there exists a real rational curve of degree d through any collection of 3d−1 real points in the projective plane, and, moreover, asymptotically in the logarithmic scale at least one third of the complex plane rational curves through a generic point collection are real. We also obtain similar results for curves on other toric Del Pezzo surfaces.

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