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HIV: Targeting vulnerable population groups

Significant advances in antiretroviral therapy (ART) have meant that a diagnosis of HIV infection is no longer the death sentence that it used to be. However, with over 34 million people still living with HIV/AIDS worldwide, 10% of whom are children under the age of 15, and over 1000 becoming infected each day, the battle to control HIV infection and prevent transmission continues. Stigma and discrimination against people living with HIV is very common and there is still a vital need to improve access to effective treatment and prevention strategies, particularly among the most vulnerable populations.

To mark this year’s World AIDS Day we have complied a selection of papers published in Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene and International Health over the past 2 years, focusing on targeting effective HIV/AIDS education, treatment and prevention strategies to vulnerable population groups. The collection includes original research articles, commentaries, a systematic review and an editorial, covering factors affecting retention in care among ART patients, effects of targeting education and treatment strategies to vulnerable population groups, and barriers to accessing appropriate patient care. 

Simply click on the titles below to read the full text FREE online until 28 February 2017. Beyond this date, these articles will only be accessible to RSTMH members. To find out more about joining RSTMH, please click here.

Biomedical technologies for the prevention of sexually transmitted infections and HIV for adolescent girls and young women 
By Manjulaa Narasimhan, Sten H. Vermund, and Gina Ogilvie 
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg (2016) 110 (9): 499-501. doi: 10.1093/trstmh/trw062 

Emerging themes for sensitivity training modules of African healthcare workers attending to men who have sex with men: a systematic review
By Maartje Dijkstra, Elise M. van der Elst, Murugi Micheni, Evanson Gichuru, Helgar Musyoki, Zoe Duby, Joep M.A. Lange, Susan M. Graham, and Eduard J. Sanders 
Int. Health (2015) 7 (3): 151-162. doi: 10.1093/inthealth/ihu101

Marriage, like income and education, fails to provide shelter for women against HIV infection in sub-Saharan Africa: widowhood and divorce increase the risk 
By Edward S. Cooper 
Int. Health (2014) 6 (4): 271-272. doi: 10.1093/inthealth/ihu029

Balancing the need to rapidly scale-up and improve clinical outcomes in antiretroviral programmes in developing countries: lessons from an Indian programmatic cohort study
By Peter Bock, Nulda Beyers, and Sarah Fidler 
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg (2014) 108 (10): 599-600. doi: 10.1093/trstmh/tru126 

Survival probability and predictors of mortality and retention in care among patients enrolled for first-line antiretroviral therapy, Andhra Pradesh, India, 2008–2011
 
By Ramesh Reddy Allam, Manoj V. Murhekar, Tarun Bhatnagar, Chengappa K Uthappa, Nalini Chava, B. B. Rewari, S. Venkatesh, and Sanjay Mehendale 
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg (2014) 108 (4): 198-205. doi: 10.1093/trstmh/tru025

Marriage, widowhood, divorce and HIV risks among women in sub-Saharan Africa
By Eric Y. Tenkorang 
Int. Health (2014) 6 (1): 46-53. doi: 10.1093/inthealth/ihu003

Implementation and evaluation of a curriculum to teach reproductive health to adolescents in northern Madagascar 
By Amanda Klinger and Ramin Asgary 
Int. Health (2016) 8 (3): 179-186. doi: 10.1093/inthealth/ihv057 

Age-targeted HIV treatment and primary prevention as a ‘ring fence’ to efficiently interrupt the age patterns of transmission in generalized epidemic settings in South Africa
By Anna Bershteyn, Daniel J. Klein, and Philip A. Eckhoff 
Int. Health (2016) 8 (4): 277-285. doi: 10.1093/inthealth/ihw010 

Client satisfaction: correlates and implications for improving HIV/AIDS treatment and care services in southern Ethiopia 
by Bereket Yakob and Busisiwe Purity Ncama 
Int. Health (2016) 8 (4): 292-298. doi: 10.1093/inthealth/ihw008

Pregnant women with HIV in rural Nigeria have higher rates of antiretroviral treatment initiation, but similar loss to follow-up as non-pregnant women and men
By Muktar H. Aliyu, Meridith Blevins, Karen M. Megazzini, Deidra D. Parrish, Carolyn M. Audet, Naomi Chan, Chisom Odoh, Usman I. Gebi, Mukhtar Y. Muhammad, Bryan E. Shepherd, C. William Wester, and Sten H. Vermund 
Int. Health (2015) 7 (6): 405-411. doi: 10.1093/inthealth/ihv032 

Targeting HIV services to male migrant workers in southern Africa would not reverse generalized HIV epidemics in their home communities: a mathematical modeling analysis 
By Daniel J. Klein, Philip A. Eckhoff, and Anna Bershteyn 
Int. Health (2015) 7 (2): 107-113. doi: 10.1093/inthealth/ihv011

Pregnant women with HIV in rural Nigeria have higher rates of antiretroviral treatment initiation, but similar loss to follow-up as non-pregnant women and men 
By Muktar H. Aliyu, Meridith Blevins, Karen M. Megazzini, Deidra D. Parrish, Carolyn M. Audet, Naomi Chan, Chisom Odoh, Usman I. Gebi, Mukhtar Y. Muhammad, Bryan E. Shepherd, C. William Wester, and Sten H. Vermund 
Int. Health (2015) 7 (6): 405-411. doi: 10.1093/inthealth/ihv032

The RSTMH journals, Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene and International Health, are looking for submissions of original research papers and reviews in all areas of HIV research, and are particularly interested in studies relating to: 

  • Access to ARTs 
  • ART treatment outcomes 
  • Treatment adherence 
  • Disease resistance 
  • Stigma and mental health issues associated with living with HIV/AIDS 
  • Management of patients with comorbid conditions 

To submit a paper and to view our author instructions visit: 
www.editorialmanager.com/trstmh (Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene) or www.editorialmanager.com/inthealth (International Health)
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