Even as ecocriticism tries to position itself alongside feminism and postcolonialism, it encounters a crucial difference. Where feminism has been keen to promote female authors, and postcolonialism to determine whether or not the subaltern can speak, ecocriticism faces the fact that there is no chance of the nonhuman world ever giving voice to its concerns. Ultimately, we must accept that a real nonhuman is not going to speak anytime soon, not, at least, in the forms of language that we have trained ourselves to recognize. Yet, fiction provides unique opportunities to hear nonhuman voices, particularly if the fiction in question is not beholden to modern notions of realism. The anonymous Old English poem known as The Dream of the Rood (c....

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