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Information for Authors


We prefer papers to be submitted electronically to our online submission system. In the event of poor internet connectivity or technical difficulty, submissions can be emailed to csae.publishing@economics.ox.ac.uk. Instructions for online submission can be found here

Colour figures

There is a special charge for the inclusion of colour figures. The cost is £350 per figure . (For cost purposes, the definition of a single figure is artwork that can be processed as a unit and printed on a single page without intervening type. Authors should note the potential cost savings inherent in this definition; for example, two consecutive half-page colour figures mounted as a composite and printed on one page, with both legends below or on the facing page, would be treated as one figure.) If there is a choice of colours on a schematic, please choose clearly distinct colours (e.g. not two shades of blue) and avoid black backgrounds if possible.

Any figures submitted to the journal in colour can be published in colour online at no cost (unless the author specifically requests that their figures be in black and white online). Authors may choose to also publish their figures in colour in the print journal: you will be asked to approve this cost after your article is accepted for publication. Black and white figures will be printed without additional cost, but figures that may be converted from colour to black and white should be well prepared with high contrast, and must have a resolution of at least 300 dots per inch at their final size. Figure captions must be suitably worded to apply to both the print and online versions of the article. If applicable, you will be issued an invoice at the time of publication.

Note: Orders from the UK will be subject to the current UK VAT charge. For orders from elsewhere in the EU you or your institution should account for VAT by way of a reverse charge. Please provide us with your or your institution’s VAT number.


Please prepare your manuscript, including tables, using a word processing program and save it as a .doc, .tex, .rtf or .ps file. The typesetters are unable to copyedit and typeset manuscripts or tables in pdf format.

Title page

The title should be short, specific and informative. The first name, initial(s), and surname of each author should be followed by his or her department, institution, city with postcode, and country. The fax, telephone number and Email address of the corresponding author should also be provided. It is editorial policy to list only one author for correspondence. Any changes of address may be given in footnotes. A footnote stating 'The authors wish it to be known that, in their opinion, the first x authors should be regarded as joint First Authors' is permitted by checking the appropriate box on the submission website. Any deletions or additions to the author list after acceptance of the paper must be submitted in writing, signed by all authors, to the appropriate editorial office.


The second page of the manuscript should contain the Abstract, which must not exceed 250 words. The Abstract should be comprehensible to readers before they have read the paper, and reference citations must be avoided.


Non-standard abbreviations should be defined at the first occurrence and introduced only where multiple use is made. Authors should not use abbreviations in headings.

Figures and illustrations

Please be aware that the requirements for online submission and for reproduction in the journal are different: (i) for online submission and peer review, please upload your figures either embedded in the word processing file or separately as low-resolution images (.jpg, .tif, .gif or. eps); (ii) for reproduction in the journal, you will be required after acceptance to supply high-resolution .tif files (1200 d.p.i. for line drawings and 300 d.p.i. for colour and half-tone artwork) or high-quality printouts on glossy paper. We advise that you create your high-resolution images first as these can be easily converted into low-resolution images for online submission.

For useful information on preparing your figures for publication, go to http://www.oxfordjournals.org/for_authors/figures.html. Figures will not be relettered by the publisher. The journal reserves the right to reduce the size of illustrative material. Any photomicrographs, electron micrographs or radiographs must be of high quality. Wherever possible, photographs should fit within the print area or within a column width. Photomicrographs should provide details of staining technique and a scale bar. Patients shown in photographs should have their identity concealed or should have given their written consent to publication.
When creating figures, please make sure any embedded text is large enough to read. Many figures contain miniscule characters such as numbers on a chart or graph. If these characters are not easily readable, they will most likely be illegible in the .final version. Certain image formats such as .jpg and .gif do not have high resolutions, so you may elect to save your figures and insert them as .tif instead.


All submitted tables must be in editable format (e.g. Word, excel, ppt); the typesetters are unable to typeset any tables in image format (eg pdf).

All tables should be on separate pages and accompanied by a title, and footnotes where necessary. The tables should be numbered consecutively using Arabic numerals. Units in which results are expressed should be given in parentheses at the top of each column and not repeated in each line of the table. Ditto signs are not used. Avoid overcrowding the tables and the excessive use of words. The format of tables should be in keeping with that normally used by the journal; in particular, vertical lines, colored text and shading should not be used. Please be certain that the data given in tables are correct.

JEL Codes

Please check that the JEL codes that you have used in your paper are correct and match the official list at http://www.aeaweb.org/journal/jel_class_system.php

Maths elements

For guidance on setting mathematics, please see our short guide.


Acknowledgements and details of non-financial support must be included at the end of the text before references and not in footnotes. Personal acknowledgements should precede those of institutions or agencies. Please note that acknowledgement of funding bodies and declarations regarding conflict of interest should be given in separate Funding and Conflict of interest sections, respectively.


It is very important that all references provided are cited in the text, and that all cited references are provided in the reference list.

Full references should be provided in accordance with the style of the Journal of African Economies. These should be listed in Alphabetical order. Journal titles and author initials should be properly abbreviated and punctuated. If an automatic referencing system has been used in the preparation of the paper, the references must not be left embedded in the final text file submitted. The citation of journals, books, multi-author books and articles published online should conform to the following examples:

  • Kanbur, R. (1993) ‘EC–African Relations: A Review Article of Enzo R. Grillis’s The European Community and Developing Countries’, Journal of African Economies , 2: 434–46
  • Smith, M. (1990) Simplified Stable Merging Tasks , vol. 3, 2nd edn. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 1–10.
  • Smith, M. (1990) ‘Merging tasks, simplified’ in M. E. Smith (ed.), Simplified Stable Merging Tasks. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 1–10.
  • McKay, A., C. Milner and O. Morrissey (2000) The Trade and Welfare Effects of a Regional Economic Partnership Agreement, CREDIT Research Paper 00/8, www.nottingham.ac.uk/economics/credit/

All authors should be listed for each reference in the reference list. Within text citations should be as follows: Smith and Jones (1994a,b); Smith and Jones, 1994). For three or more authors use: Smith et al. (1994a,b); (Smith et al., 1994). Personal communications (J.Jones, personal communication) must be authorized in writing by those involved, and unpublished data should be cited in the text as (unpublished data). References to manuscripts submitted, but not yet accepted, should be cited in the text as (B.Jones and L.Smith, manuscript in preparation) and should not be included in the list of references. Citations of submitted manuscripts should include all authors involved. Authors are encouraged to cite web URLs in parentheses at the appropriate mention in the text.


In order to reproduce any third party material, including figures or tables, in an article authors must obtain permission from the copyright holder and be compliant with any requirements the copyright holder may have pertaining to this reuse.

When seeking to reproduce any kind of third party material authors should request the following:

(i) non-exclusive rights to reproduce the material in the specified article and journal;
(ii) electronic rights, preferably for use in any form or medium;
(iii) the right to use the material for the life of the work; and
(iv) world-wide English-language rights.

Further guidelines on clearing permissions can be found at: http://www.oxfordjournals.org/access_purchase/permissions_guidelines.doc.

Authors should also include a statement indicating that permission has been obtained in the relevant legend/footnote and provide the Editorial Office with copies of any relevant paperwork.

A template permissions request letter can be found at the end of the above document.

Third-Party Content in Open Access papers

If you will be publishing your paper under an Open Access licence but it contains material for which you do not have Open Access re-use permissions, please state this clearly by supplying the following credit line alongside the material:

Title of content
Author, Original publication, year of original publication, by permission of [rights holder]

This image/content is not covered by the terms of the Creative Commons licence of this publication. For permission to reuse, please contact the rights holder.


For information about this journal's policy, please visit our Author Self-Archiving policy page.


Upon receipt of accepted manuscripts at Oxford Journals authors will be invited to complete an online copyright licence to publish form.

Please note that by submitting an article for publication you confirm that you are the corresponding/submitting author and that Oxford University Press ("OUP") may retain your email address for the purpose of communicating with you about the article. You agree to notify OUP immediately if your details change. If your article is accepted for publication OUP will contact you using the email address you have used in the registration process. Please note that OUP does not retain copies of rejected articles.

It is a condition of publication in the Journal that authors assign copyright to Oxford University Press. This ensures that requests from third parties to reproduce articles are handled efficiently and consistently and will also allow the article to be as widely disseminated as possible. In assigning copyright, Authors may use their own material in other publications provided that the Journal is acknowledged as the original place of publication, and Oxford University Press is notified in writing and in advance.

Open Access Option for Authors

Journal of African Economies authors have the option to publish their paper under the Oxford Open initiative; whereby, for a charge, their paper will be made freely available online immediately upon publication. After your manuscript is accepted the corresponding author will be required to accept a mandatory licence to publish agreement. As part of the licensing process you will be asked to indicate whether or not you wish to pay for open access. If you do not select the open access option, your paper will be published with standard subscription-based access and you will not be charged.

Oxford Open articles are published under Creative Commons licences. Authors publishing in the Journal of African Economies can use the following Creative Commons licences for their articles:
• Creative Commons Attribution licence (CC BY)
• Creative Commons Non-Commercial licence (CC BY-NC)
• Creative Commons non-Commercial No Derivatives licence (CC BY-NC-ND)

Please click here for more information about the Creative Commons licences.

You can pay Open Access charges using our Author Services site. This will enable you to pay online with a credit/debit card, or request an invoice by email or post. The open access charges applicable are:

Regular charge - £1850/ $3000 / €2450
Reduced Rate Developing country charge* - £925 / $1500 / €1225
Free Developing country charge* - £0 /$0 / €0
*Visit our Developing Countries page for a list of qualifying countries

Please note that these charges are in addition to any colour/page charges that may apply.

Orders from the UK will be subject to the current UK VAT charge. For orders from the rest of the European Union, OUP will assume that the service is provided for business purposes. Please provide a VAT number for yourself or your institution, and ensure you account for your own local VAT correctly.

Language Editing

Language editing, if your first language is not English, to ensure that the academic content of your paper is fully understood by journal editors and reviewers is optional. Language editing does not guarantee that your manuscript will be accepted for publication. For further information on this service, please click here. Several specialist language editing companies offer similar services and you can also use any of these. Authors are liable for all costs associated with such services.


In consideration for granting an exclusive licence, the publisher will provide free online access to your article. Printed offprints may be ordered at extra cost at the proof stage.

Please use the Oxford Journals Author Services site to buy offprints or single issues.


The Journal of African Economies does not accept papers that have been previously published elsewhere with the exception of working papers series. The Journal’s policy regarding working paper series is:

1. Pre-publication in working paper series is allowed where submission to the working paper series is prior to acceptance by the Journal.

2. The working paper version may remain online after publication in the Journal.

3. The working paper version should NOT be updated after acceptance by the Journal.

4. Authors are requested to append the appropriate citation to the working paper version on acceptance by the Journal (if the working paper series allows this).



Submission by Editor
A paper submitted by one of the Editors will be handled by another Editor who is not at the same institution. The other Editor will select referees and make all decisions on the paper. The decision process will be handled in such a way that the submitting Editor does not have access to information or correspondence relating to the submission.

Submission by family member of Editor or by author whose relationship with Editor might create the perception of bias
If a paper is submitted by a family member of one of the Editors, or by an author whose relationship with one of the Editors might create the perception of bias (e.g. in terms of close friendship or conflict/rivalry), the Editor will declare a conflict of interest and the paper will be handled by one of the other Editors. The Editor who has declared a conflict of interest will not be involved in selecting referees or making any decisions on the paper.

General policy
If an Editor feels that there is likely to be a perception of a conflict of interest in relation to their handling of a submission, they will declare it to the other Editors, and the paper will be handled in the same way as described above.


Potential conflict of interest for referee
The invitation letter to referees will include the following wording: ‘If you think you know the identity of the author and if you feel there is a strong conflict of interest in your refereeing this paper, please declare it. By accepting this invitation, it is assumed there is no such conflict of interest.’ Standard policy will be not to use a referee if a conflict of interest has been declared, but the Editors may use their discretion.


Sources of funding
On acceptance, authors will be asked to provide a statement declaring all sources of funding relating to their paper, and the statement will be printed on the title page or at the end of their paper.

Crossref Funding Data Registry

In order to meet your funding requirements authors are required to name their funding sources, or state if there are none, during the submission process. For further information on this process or to find out more about the CHORUS initiative please click here.

Data access policy

To facilitate the verification and replication of results, authors of accepted papers are expected (prior to publication of the paper) to submit data sets, programs, a full list of data sources, and information on empirical analysis, experiments and simulations that are needed for replication. This material will be published alongside the article on the JAE website. Authors who are unable to comply with this policy (e.g. due to the use of proprietary data or because individuals are identifiable from the data) must provide a reason to the JAE editors, and must provide information about how the data can be accessed and sufficient information for the results to be replicated by others who obtain access to the data. The editors reserve the right to refuse to publish articles where the data, programs, etc. are not provided and where, in their view, there is no justifiable reason for not making them available.

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