Giardia duodenalis is a flagelated binucleated protozoan that colonizes the small intestine in mammals, causing giardiasis, acute or chronic diarrhea. DNA double strand break either endogenously or exogenously generated is a major insult to DNA and its repair by homologous recombination is crucial for genomic stability. During homologous recombination, Rad52 plays key roles in the loading of the Rad51 recombinase, and the annealing of the second double-strand break end to the displaced strand of the D-loop structure. Among the functions found in vitro in yeast and human Rad52 protein are: ssDNA or dsDNA binding activity, ability to anneal bare or RPA coated-ssDNA, as well as multimeric ring formation. In this work, we searched for conserved domains in a putative Rad52 protein from Giardia duodenalis (GdRad52). Its coding sequence was cloned, expressed and purified to study its biochemical properties. rGdRad52 binds to dsDNA and ssDNA, with greater affinity for the latter. Likewise, rGdRad52 promotes annealing of DNA uncoated and coated with GdRPA1. rGdRad52 interacts with GdDMC1B and with RPA protein as shown by far western blotting assay. Additionally, rGdRad52 formed multimeric rings as observed by electronic microscopy. Finally, GdRad52 is over expressed in response upon DNA damage inflicted on trophozoites.

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