The Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) has clarified that a misapplication of the EU provisions on the exhaustion of trade mark rights made in a judgment delivered in one Member State does not constitute an infringement of an EU essential rule; therefore, such a misapplication cannot be considered as a breach of public policy within the meaning of Article 34(1) of EU Regulation 44/2001 upon which to rely to oppose, with the result that the said misapplication cannot be relied upon as ground of opposition to the recognition of that judgment in another Member State where an action for damages was brought for the losses caused by the execution of an unjustified customs seizure of trade-marked products.

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