The use in the course of trade of the denominations ‘Balsamico’ and ‘Aceto Balsamico’ in connection with vinegar-based products, other than those protected under the geographical indication ‘Aceto Balsamico di Modena’ (protected geographical indication (PGI)), is an evocation of such registered geographical indication. Therefore, the use of a component of a registered name for a geographical indication can be prohibited even when such component is not protected on its own insofar as it creates a misleading association with the protected geographical indication in the minds of consumers.

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