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The Journal of Integrated Pest Management (JIPM) is an open-access, peer-reviewed journal that will publish original extension- and outreach-focused articles, rather than articles based on original research. Because of this focus, articles submitted for publication in JIPM will appear and read very differently from articles found in research journals.
Articles published in JIPM are written primarily for professionals engaged in the practice of integrated pest management, including, but not limited to, crop producers, individuals working in crop protection, retailers, manufacturers and suppliers of pest management products, educators, and pest control operators. Although academics and other scientists will read, appreciate, and cite the articles, the intended readership will be people who typically do not belong to scientific societies and do not have ready access to scientific journals.
Because of this difference in readership, the style of writing for articles submitted to JIPM should be less formulaic and more narrative than much of the scientific writing in research-focused journals.
Authors should observe high standards with respect to publication ethics as set out by ESA and the Committee of Publication Ethics (COPE). Any cases of ethical misconduct are treated very seriously and will be dealt with in accordance with ESA's author misconduct policy and the COPE guidelines. Further information about OUP's ethical polices is available here.
Crossref Funding Data Registry
Articles should be written for one of the five following categories:
1) Profiles: These are biology and ecology profiles for insects pests such as, for example, soybean aphids, emerald ash borers, bed bugs, and others. Profiles will include an insect’s scientific name, description of stages, biology, life history, host plants, potential for economic damage, sampling or scouting procedures, and management and control options.
2) Issues: These articles will focus on emerging integrated pest management issues such as "Transgenic Bt Cotton and Insect Management" or "Prevention and Management of Bed Bugs in Commercial Buildings." Articles will include information on the issue’s relevance, why the issue developed, balanced perspectives on the issue, and possible solutions.
3) Recommendations: These articles will contain consensus-based, pest management recommendations on topics such as "Management of Cattle Ticks in the Southwestern U.S." or "Management of the Asian Longhorned Beetle in New England Urban Environments." Recommendations will be based upon the principles of integrated pest management and supported by published research and validation data when available.
4) Case studies: These articles document and explain the implementation and results of a specific IPM program. Using descriptive subtitles, authors should state the issue being addressed, as well as indicate why the case study is reflective of broader issues associated with IPM; specific methodology used for establishing the case study; and potential implications of the case study for other pests or broader aspects of IPM.
5) Surveys and needs assessments: These articles will focus on the results from unpublished surveys that address an issue, customer perceptions and opinions, needs assessments, or other related subject matter. The survey or needs assessment must be of sufficient breadth (e.g., reasonable percentage of a target population surveyed) and depth (e.g., number of substantive inquiries) to warrant attention and deliberation from the readership. The purpose of the survey and how the results will be used should be clearly articulated. Using descriptive subtitles, authors should state the issue being addressed; an overview of current knowledge about customer perceptions and opinions; specific methodology used for conducting the survey and/or needs assessment (including sample population and size); and conclusions and/or a summary about what the survey or needs assessment revealed.
The respective formats for these types of articles are below.
Insect biology and ecology profiles
Profiles will address pest biology, sampling procedures, and possibly management recommendations.
- Scientific name — Order, family, genus, species (including recent synonyms) and author; and common names. Use ESA approved common names if available.
- Description of insect stages — Adult, egg, larva or nymph, and pupa (if present)
- Biology — Distribution, life history, ecology, hosts, injury, and potential for economic damage
- Sampling or scouting procedures
- Management options — Cultural control, host plant resistance (including transgenic plants), mechanical control, biological control, and chemical control
Emerging IPM issues
Issues that influence both the science and practice of IPM (e.g., invasive species, widespread control failures) often arise suddenly and need to be addressed in a timely manner. Emerging IPM issues should be addressed along the following outline to ensure clear understanding of the issue, its impact, and its solutions.
- Statement of the issue and its relevance to production of crops or commodities, to human or animal health and well-being, and to integrated pest management
- Evolution of the issue (i.e., why the issue has developed)
- Balanced perspective of the issue
- Proposed solutions to address the issue
Consensus-based pest management recommendations
Consensus-based pest management recommendations can focus on one or more insect pest species, depending on the system (e.g., urban, horticultural crops, large-acre field crops) and geography that will be influenced.
- Recommendations will be written for applicability across broad geographical areas, with regional supplements as needed.
- Recommendations will be based upon the principles of integrated pest management and supported by published research and validation data when available.
- Non-authors of a manuscript should be given the opportunity to sign on as supporters of the consensus-based recommendation, or to write a critique and different recommendation.
- Each pest management recommendation article will be considered for updating by the respective author(s) tri-annually, or more frequently if necessary, and subject to the same anonymous review process.
Order of elements
The order of elements for all five article types are as follows: title page; abstract and keywords; introduction (no heading); article text; acknowledgments; references cited; footnotes; tables; figure legends; figures.
The introduction should clearly state the purpose of your article and the text should follow the relevant article type format as noted above, although freedom of form is allowed. Cite tables and figures in numerical order as they should appear in the text.
The title page should include the name, complete address, phone number, and e-mail address of corresponding author.
Include a running head of <65 characters, including author names. Example: Smith and Jones: Biological Control of European corn borer (no period). For more than two authors, use the senior author's name followed by et al. Example: Smith et al.: Biological Control of European corn borer (no period).
Include the article section (Profiles, Issues, or Recommendations).
The title should be concise and informative. Include either the ESA approved common name of the subject or its scientific name, but not both. Common names used in the title must be listed in the “ESA Common Names of Insects & Related Organisms,” unless justification for a non-approved name can be shown to have prior usage in the extension or scientific literature. Do not include authors of scientific names in the title. Do not capitalize the following words in the title or subheadings: a, an, and, as, at, be, by, for, in, of, on, per, to, the. Insert (Order: Family) immediately after the name of the organism.
Affiliation line includes a complete address. If appropriate, designate current addresses for all authors by numbered footnotes (superscripted numbers) placed at the bottom of the title page. Example:
1Department of Entomology, Kansas State University, 123 W. Waters Hall, Manhattan, KS 66506.
Include all authors' names below the title. Footnote numbers are placed outside commas in multi-authored articles.
Abstract and keywords
On a separate page, provide an abstract of not more than 250 words. Indicate the scientific name and authority at first mention of a species. Do not cite references, figures, tables. Place three to five keywords on a line below the abstract.
Optional foreign language abstract: All articles will have an English abstract. However, to encourage international communication, authors may include a second abstract in a language other than English. (Spanish, French, German, Russian, Portuguese, Chinese, or Japanese are accepted.) It is the author's responsibility to provide an accurate, and grammatically correct non-English version. Do not repeat the keywords.
Indicate the scientific name and authority of each species (including plants) at first mention in the text.
First-level headings are in initial capital letters, centered and boldfaced on their own line, and are used to divide the manuscript into major sections (e.g., Ecology, Conclusions, etc.).
Second-level headings are flush left, boldface, and are also on their own line with initial capital letters.
Third-level headings are boldfaced, paragraph indented, have initial capital letters, and are followed by a period. Third-level headings are used to divide first-level sections into smaller sections.
Fourth-level headings are italicized (but not boldfaced), paragraph indented, have initial capital letters, follow immediately after a third-level heading or start a new paragraph, and are followed by a period. Fourth-level headings are used to divide third-level sections into smaller sections.
(Smith and Jones 1993)
Multiple citations (chronologically)
(Smith 1996, Smith et al. 1997, Jones 1998)
Multiple publications by same author(s) (chronologically, then alphabetically)
(Smith et al. 1995a, 1995b, 1997; Jones 1996)
(Jones 1988; L. J. Smith, personal communication). Obtain and forward (at submission) a letter of permission to use citations to personal communications (from those other than authors).
(L.J.S., unpublished data) for one author or (unpublished data) for all authors. Obtain and forward (at submission) a letter of permission to use citations to unpublished data (from those other than authors).
(Smith 1997) for in press, cite projected year of publication.
(PROC GLM, SAS Institute 1999) for software user's manual.
In parentheses, provide manufacturer's name and location (city, state) and model number of relevant materials and equipment. Example: (Model 3000, LI-COR, Lincoln, NE). Use generic names when possible (e.g., self-sealing plastic bags).
Place the acknowledgments after the text. Organize acknowledgments in paragraph form in the following order: persons (omit all professional titles and degrees), groups, granting institutions, grant numbers, and serial publication number. Use “The author thanks…” or “We thank…”, not “The author would like to thank…” or “We would like to thank…”
Disclosure of potential conflicts of interest
Potential conflicts of interest include any relationships of a financial or personal nature between an author or coauthor and individuals or organizations within three years of submission which, in theory, could affect or bias an author’s scientific judgment, or limit an author’s freedom to publish, analyze, discuss, or interpret relevant data. Sources of financial support originating outside the coauthors’ home institution(s) for any aspect of a study must be indicated in the Acknowledgments section of the paper. Financial support includes not only funding, but gratis provision of materials, services, or equipment.
Any additional potential conflicts of interest, not covered in the acknowledgments of financial support, must be revealed to the editor at submission, and disclosed in a statement immediately following the Acknowledgments. If an author or coauthor has entered into an agreement with any entity outside that authors’ home institution, including the home institution of another coauthor, giving that entity veto power over publication of the study or over presentation, analysis, discussion, or interpretation of any results of the study, whether or not such veto power was exercised, this information must be disclosed in a statement immediately following the Acknowledgments. As a suggestion, such a statement could take the following form: “This manuscript is published with the concurrence of [Institution / Company / Individual / etc. X].“ If no potential conflicts of interest exist, this must be stated in the cover letter to the editor at submission.
Spell out full names for all references; do not abbreviate (e.g., use Journal of Economic Entomology, not J. Econ. Entomol.)
Cite only those articles published or formally accepted for publication (in press). Include all references mentioned in text. Include enough information to allow reader to obtain cited material (e.g., book and proceeding’s citations must include name and location [city and state or country] of publisher). Spell out the full name of the journal. Citations and References should not be numbered.
Alphabetical order (chronological for one author or more than two authors, and alphabetical order [by surname of second author] for two authors). Authors and year published should be bolded.
Evans, M. A. 2000. Article title: subtitle (begin with lowercase after colon or dash unless first word is a proper noun). Journal Name. 00:000–000.
Evans, M. A. 2001a. Title. Journal Name 00: 000–000.
Evans, M. A. 2001b. Title. Journal Name 00: 000–000.
Evans, M. A., and R. Burns. 2001. Title. Journal Name. 00: 000–000.
Evans, M. A., and A. Tyler. 2001. Title. Journal Name 00: 000–000.
Evans, M. A., A Tyler, and H. H. Munro. 2000. Title. Journal Name 00: 000–000.
Evans, M. A., R. Burns, and A. A. Dunn. 2001. Title. Journal Name 00: 000–000.
Peterson, R.K.D. 2009. (No spaces between initials if more than two initials).
Evans, M. A. 2002. Article title. Journal Name. (in press).
Burns, R. 2001. Title: Subtitle. Publisher, City, State.
Evans, M. A. 2001. Colorado Potato Beetle, 2nd ed. Publisher, City, State or Country.
Tyler, A. 2001. Western Corn Rootworm, vol. 2. Publisher, City, State or Country.
Article/chapter in book
Tyler, A. 2001. Article or chapter title, pp. 000–000. In T.A.J. Royer and R. B. Burns (eds.), Book Title. Publisher, City, State or Country.
Tyler, A., R.S.T. Smith, and H. Brown. 2001. Onion thrips control, pp. 178–195. In R. S. Green and P. W. White (eds., Book Title, vol. 13. Entomological Society of America, Lanham, MD.
No author given
(USDA) U.S. Department of Agriculture. 2001. Title. USDA, Beltsville, MD
(IRRI) International Rice Research Institute. 2001. Title. IRRI, City, State or Country.
Harred, J. F., A. R. Knight, and J. S. McIntyre, inventors; Dow Chemical Company, assignee. 1972 Apr 4. Epoxidation process. U.S. patent 3,654,317.
Martin, P. D., J. Kuhlman, and S. Moore. 2001. Yield effects of European corn borer (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) feeding, pp. 345–356. In Proceedings, 19th Illinois Cooperative Extension Service Spray School, 24–27 June 1985, Chicago, IL. Publisher, City, State.
Rossignol, P. A. 2001. Parasite modification of mosquito probing behavior, pp. 25–28. In T. W. Scott and J. Grumstrup-Scott (eds.), Proceedings, Symposium: the Role of Vector-Host Interactions in Disease Transmission. Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of America,10 December 1985, Hollywood, FL. Miscellaneous Publication 68. Entomological Society of America, Lanham, MD.
James, H. 2001. Thesis or dissertation title. M.S. thesis or Ph.D. dissertation, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.
SAS Institute. 2001. PROC user's manual, version 6th ed. SAS Institute, Cary, NC.
Reisen, W. 2001. Title. Complete URL (protocol://host.name/path/file.name) and/or DOI (Digital Object Identifier)
Place tables after the References Cited section. Double-space and number all tables. Boldface table title. Do not repeat data already presented in text. If a table continues on more than one page, repeat column headings on subsequent page(s).
Title should be short and descriptive. Boldface table number and title only. Do not footnote title; use the unlettered first footnote to include general information necessary to understand the title (e.g., define terms, abbreviations, and statistical tests).
Use horizontal lines to separate title from column headings, column headings from data field, and data field from footnotes. Do not use vertical lines to separate columns. All columns must have headings.
Use the following abbreviations for months: Jan., Feb., Mar., Apr., May, June, July, Aug., Sept., Oct., Nov., and Dec.
Repeat operational signs throughout data field. Insert a space on either side of sign (1.42 ± 1.36).
Leave no space between lowercase letters and their preceding values (e.g., 731.2ab).
Footnotes to tables
Use footnotes to define or clarify column headings or specific datum within the data field. Do not footnote the title; use the unlettered first footnote to include general information necessary to understand the table (e.g., define terms, abbreviations, and statistical tests). The use of asterisks is reserved for statistical significance only.
Example: Means within a column followed by the same letter are not significantly different (P < 0.05; Student t-test [Abbott 1925]). *, P < 0.05; **, P < 0.01; ***, P < 0.001; NS, not significant).
Use lowercase italicized superscripted letters to indicate footnotes. Footnote letters should appear in the table in consecutive order, from left to right across the table then down the page.
For review purposes, it is acceptable to include figures, whether in black and white or color, as part of the manuscript file, with each figure on a separate page. Figures should be inserted in the manuscript file in one of the following formats:
- Tagged Image File Format (.tif)* (please check settings when exporting to TIFF from the original application).
- Encapsulated PostScript (.eps)*
- Rich Text Format (.rtf)
- Editable Microsoft Word (.doc/.docx) (image files embedded into Word are often not good quality)
- Editable Microsoft PowerPoint (.ppt/.pptx) (image files embedded into PowerPoint are often not good quality).
- Microsoft Excel (.xls/.xlsx)
- Editable Portable Document Format (PDF)
- Postscript (.ps)
- Photoshop (.psd)
- Adobe Illustrator (.ai)
- Graphics Interchange Format (.gif)
- Portable Network Graphics (.png)
GIF formats, such as from websites, are not acceptable and produce poor quality printouts because of low resolution, even for peer review purposes. Charts from Excel and SigmaPlot should not be inserted unless they are in one of the above formats.
Maximum figure sizes are as follows:
- Maximum height: 240 mm (9 inches)
- Maximum width (2-column figure): 171 mm (6 inches)
- Maximum width (1-column figure): 82 mm (3 inches)
When authors are asked to submit revisions, they are also asked to provide all figures as separate, high-quality image files to allow papers to move quickly and efficiently into production upon acceptance.
For more information on preparing figures, see OUP’s Author Resource Centre on figures.
Abbreviations and symbols
Abbreviations and symbols in figures should match those in the text or be defined in legends.
Type all captions double-spaced on a separate page. All captions should be in paragraph form as shown by the example below.
Fig. 1. Relationship between percentage of defoliation of oak trees and gypsy moth population density. (A) Defoliation and egg mass density. (B) Defoliation of egg density.
Letter locants on figures composed of more than one element should match those in the text (either upper- or lowercase).
Do not use equal signs to define abbreviations; use commas (e.g., Ap, barometric pressure).
Supplemental Material may be submitted in the form of one or more (8 maximum) files to accompany the online version of an article. Such material often consists of large tables, data sets, or videos which normally are not possible or convenient to present in print media. Supplemental Material represents substantive information to be posted on the ESA journal website that enhances and enriches the information presented in the main body of a paper. However, the paper must stand on its own without the need for the reader to access the supplemental information to understand and judge the merits of the paper.
Any files containing Supplemental Material must be provided at the time of manuscript submission, and will be distributed to reviewers as part of the normal peer-review process. Authors should alert the editor to the presence of Supplementary Material in their cover letter at submission. Once a paper is published, the content of accompanying Supplemental Material files cannot be altered. Although the content of any submitted Supplementary Material is subject to normal peer-review and any changes required by the editor, no copy editing will be performed by the journal’s production staff. Therefore, the authors are responsible for suitable format and final appearance of Supplemental Material after acceptance of the paper.
Supplemental Material should be referenced in the body of the main paper (e.g., Supp. Table S1; Supp. Video S1), where a link will take the online reader to the file. Each supplemental file must be labeled with an appropriate title and prefaced by a short (50 words maximum) summary description of the contents. Within each file, any tables, figures, videos, or other material must be accompanied by an appropriate caption. Citations for any literature referenced within a Supplemental Material file should be listed in a References Cited section at the end of the file, even when a citation is duplicated in the main body of the paper. Videos should be brief (< 5 min) and kept to a reasonable size to facilitate downloading by readers.
Word use and grammar
Do not use acronyms or abbreviations for phrases, terms, or insect, weed, or pathogen names.
Do not use apostrophes to designate plurals of abbreviations. Example: LCs, not LC’s.
Do not use the term “prior to.” Use “before.”
Do not use “employ” to mean “use.” Do not say “usage” for “use.”
Do not use “compared to.” Use “compared with.”
“Instar” implies the larval stage. Therefore, a phrase such as “third-instar larvae” is redundant. Use “third instars” instead, or “third-stage larvae.” The same rule applies for nymphs.
Define the terms of a formulation abbreviation (such as EC, WP) the first time it is used in the text; then use the abbreviation. Insert a space between a numeral and the abbreviation.
The correct style for reporting active ingredients is “(AI).” Example: 1 ounce (AI)/acre.
Scientific names, common names, and other nomenclature
Follow standard procedures for scientific nomenclature. Spell out genus and species and indicate author at first use; thereafter abbreviate the generic name to a single letter. Exception: If within a manuscript two or more genera begin with the same letter, the names of each genus should be spelled out throughout the manuscript. Use an ampersand (&) between describers’ names as per taxonomic style. Do not begin a sentence with an abbreviation for the genus name.
Do not use abbreviations or acronyms for either scientific names or common names of organisms. Do not use “medfly” for Mediterranean fruit fly, “TBW” for tobacco budworm, and so on.
When available, use ESA accepted common names of insects. Consult ESA Common Names of Insects and Related Organisms. Other common names may be used, but only if the insects are identified by scientific names and an approved ESA common name does not exist.
For common names of weeds, a list of common and scientific names from the Weed Science Society of America can be found at http://wssa.net/weed/composite-list-of-weeds/. For common names of plant diseases, please see the list from the American Phytopathological Society.
Proper names used as adjectives are lowercase in running text (e.g., lepidopteran systematics), but they should be initial capital in a title or to begin a sentence.
Notes on formatting
Avoid abbreviations within the text. If an abbreviation is absolutely necessary, then use standard abbreviations as listed in the Council of Science Editors' Scientific Style and Format, The CBE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers, 8th ed., or those listed in this guide.
Abbreviations for time
Do not use abbreviations for time; spell out instead. Use hours, minutes, seconds, years, months, weeks, and days instead of h, min, sec, yr, mon, wk, and d.
Do not capitalize the following words in titles or subheadings: a, an, and, as, at, be, by, for, in, of, on, per, to, the.
Use "Fig." if singular and "Figs." if plural (e.g., Fig. 1; Figs. 2 and 3).
Spell out numbers one through nine (10 and larger are always indicated as numerals), unless they are used with a unit of measure (e.g., eight children, three dogs, 8 grams, 3 millimeters, 0600 hours; NOT 8 children, 3 dogs, eight grams, three millimeters, or six o’clock a.m.). This includes spelling the ordinals first through ninth, as well as two-fold, one-way ANOVA, and one-half. Ordinals from 10 and larger are numerals, such as 10th or 51st. In some cases, e.g., where there is a long list of items (e.g., 8 flies, 6 mosquitoes, 4 butterflies, and 10 bees), exceptions can be made for consistency if the editor concurs. The editorial staff has the flexibility to interpret the rule.
Present dates in this format: month day year. Example: January 23, 1999.
Use either English units (followed by metric units) or metric units (followed by English units).
Percentage vs. %
Use “%” only with numerals, and close up to numerals. Example: 50%. Otherwise, use the word “percentage.” Example: percentage of defoliation.
Per versus slash
Use “per” rather than a slash unless reporting a measurement in unit/unit. Examples: insects per branch, not insects/branch; but g/cm2, not g per cm2.
When a number is >1,000, use a comma to separate hundreds from thousands.
Use a semicolon to separate different types of citations (Fig. 4; Table 2).
It is not necessary to repeat symbols or units of measure in a series (e.g., 30, 40, and 60%, respectively).
Footnotes to the Text
Avoid footnotes in the text. Use unnumbered footnotes only for disclaimers and animal use information. Place all footnotes on a separate page after References Cited. Examples of footnotes are:
This article reports the results of research only. Mention of a proprietary product does not constitute an endorsement or a recommendation by the USDA for its use.
In conducting the research described in this report, the investigators adhered to the "Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals," as promulgated by the Committee on Care and Use of Laboratory Animals of the Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources, National Research Council. The facilities are fully accredited by the American Association of Laboratory Animal Care.
Submissions of Cover Photographs
ESA's journals welcome submissions of insect photos for their covers. Photos must be living (not pinned) insects and must be submitted as high-resolution (300 dpi or higher) image files. If you wish to crop your image to the exact dimensions of our cover, the dimensions to use are W: 219 mm x H: 203 mm; however, photos that do not match those dimensions can still be accepted. The insect species featured in a cover photo must be a species that has been covered in this journal.
Photographers will be asked to give ESA one-time permissions to use the photo on the journal cover and will retain the copyright of the photo.