The Journal of Mammalogy is an international, peer-reviewed publication of the American Society of Mammalogists (ASM). We publish manuscripts presenting original research and scholarship on mammals, including topics in mammalian evolution, ecology, behavior, systematics, management, and conservation. Articles should be of interest to a broad scientific readership and may include theoretical or empirical studies that advance our understanding of any aspect of mammalian biology. Book reviews generally may be solicited or readers may request to review a book of general interest to mammalogy (contact the Editor for Reviews).
All submissions are subject to review. Initial review is done by our Editor-in-Chief and by 1 of the Associate Editors, who evaluate whether the manuscript is of sufficient quality and general interest for outside review. Manuscripts that pass this initial evaluation will be sent to 1 or more outside reviewers. The assigned Associate Editor then evaluates the reviews and the manuscript and makes a recommendation to the Editor-in-Chief, who makes the final decision regarding suitability for publication.
Submitted manuscripts should be free of jargon. The editors reserve the right to edit all manuscripts for style and clarity. Contributions are accepted for review and publication on the condition that they are submitted solely to Journal of Mammalogy and will not be reprinted or translated without the publisher’s permission, although authors retain copyrights. ASM recommends that original data reported be deposited in a suitable public database. Send inquiries to the editorial office.
Submit all manuscripts through ScholarOne. Once you have prepared your manuscript according to the instructions below, please visit the online submission web site. All articles must include a statement in the Materials and Methods section confirming that the study conforms to published ASM guidelines for the use of wild mammals in research (see below) as well as to any relevant institutional requirements (e.g., in the United States, IACUC approval must be confirmed). Submissions from authors whose research involved the use of “human subjects” (as defined in federal law) must include evidence of approval from an institutional review board.
Use double-spacing and 12-point Times New Roman font throughout all text, tables, references, and figure captions. Number all pages and insert line numbers continuously throughout your manuscript. Avoid the use of appendices and footnotes in the text. Put tables and figure captions at the end of the document. The title page should contain authors’ names, titles, affiliations, and postal and e-mail addresses.
Style.—Follow Scientific Style and Format: The CSE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers (currently in its 8th ed.), for conventions in biology. For general style and spelling, consult the Chicago Manual of Style (currently in its 16th ed.), The Elements of Style (currently in its 4th ed.), and a dictionary such as Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary. The Journal of Mammalogy uses idiomatic American English. Mammal Species of the World, 3rd ed., or Handbook of the Mammals of the World (5 of 9 volumes published as of March 2016) are our baselines for mammal taxonomy. Newer names accepted; older names need justification. Serial commas should be employed (“a, b, and c” rather than “a, b and c”). Avoid modifier strings, sequential parentheses, and lost subjects. Distinguish between hyphens (“wild-caught”), en-dashes (“4–5 dolphins”), and em-dashes (used in many JM header styles). En-dashes and em-dashes may be inserted as Special Characters, although most word processors will convert a dash to an en-dash if bracketed by spaces; em-dashes may also be indicated with 3 sequential dashes (this ensures that type setters do not inadvertently confuse this for a different symbol).
Symbols, Abbreviations, Acronyms, and Units of Measure.—Define all nonstandard symbols, and spell out all acronyms. Avoid abbreviations and acronyms unless a term is used numerous times (minimum 3–5). Use the metric system, SI units (Système international d’unités), to express weights and measures. For details on technical style follow the most recent edition of the CSE Manual (currently 8th ed.). “Holocene” not “Recent”; “K/Pg” not “K/T”; use BP for years before present, My to indicate 106 years, and Ma to indicate million years ago (equivalent to Ma BP for million years before present); e.g., “The Cretaceous Periods lasted 80 My, from 144 Ma to 65 Ma” (from CSE 8th ed.).
All details of statistical outcomes reported should be provided, and degrees of freedom should be reported as subscripts of test statistics (e.g., t2 = 3.76, P < 0.04; F6,198 = 0.253, P = 0.618).
Other statistical standards:
SD, SE, d.f.
All tests in italics: F, G, H, P, R, r, R2, t, U, V, W, z, etc.
Spell out mean in text, but use X̅ with values; e.g., mean ± SD, but X̅ ± SD.
Spell out Chi-square test but use X2 with values; e.g., “We used a chi-square test . . .”, but X2 = 234.55.
Define analysis of variance and other statistical acronyms (e.g., coefficient of variation, confidence interval, etc.) at 1st use; thereafter use ANOVA, CV, CI, etc.
Always a space on either side of =, <, >, ≤, ≥.
General.—Your manuscript should include: title page, text of manuscript, Acknowledgments, Supporting Information (if needed), Literature Cited, Figure Legends, Appendix(es) as needed, Tables, Figures.
- Title page should include:
- Contact information for corresponding author, including email address (single spaced).
- Running Heading (a short identification, not a title, ≤ 40 characters including spaces; normal font).
- Title (Bold, left-justified text; capitalize only the 1st word and proper nouns; ≤ 15 words).
- Names of authors (Normal font (NOT ALL CAPS or Small Caps), left-justified text, with asterisk to identify corresponding author).
- Affiliations of authors (Normal font in italics, left-justified, with author initials in parentheses following the appropriate address).
- Abstract. Summarizes key findings. NO heading. ≤ 5% of the length of the text (Introduction through Discussion).
- All manuscripts reporting on research from Latin America MUST include a summary in either Spanish or Portuguese, usually a translation of the Abstract. For work based in other non-English speaking countries, a foreign-language abstract is encouraged and welcome. No heading is required for the translation.
- Key words, ≤ 10 words, alphabetized and separated by commas.
- *Correspondent:” followed by email address of corresponding author.
- Text of manuscript.
- The Journal of Mammalogy employs up to 4 levels of headings, although most articles skip #2 headings. These are as follows:
Cap and Small Cap Bold Centered
Cap and Lowercase Italic, Centered
Italic, paragraph indent, initial cap only: lowercase after colon.—Text follows em-dash (either use 3 dashes or insert em-dash as a Special Character).
Roman, Paragraph Indent, Cap and Lowercase Followed by Period: lowercase after colon (text follows a standard en-dash, or 2 spaces).
- Additionally, taxonomic synonymic headings may be used. These differ from headings listed above, and include full attribution of the author of the name followed by a comma and the year of publication. Common names of new species, if provided, are centered on the next line. NOTE that attribution is distinct from citation, and this formatting style formally distinguishes nomenclatural attribution from literature citation (which lack the comma), although authors should include these nomenclatural references in the Literature Cited. This formatting keeps the Journal of Mammalogy consistent with attribution given in synonymies for Mammalian Species; for further guidance see Gardner and Hayssen (2004) 'A guide to constructing and understanding synonymies for Mammalian Species' (Mammalian Species 739:1–17):
(genus and species indeterminate)
Rattus detentus, new species Timm, Weijola, Aplin, Flannery, and Pine
Sorex merriami Dobson, 1890
Crocidura rapax G. Allen, 1923
Meriones unguiculatus (Milne-Edwards, 1867)
- Left-justify text following a #1 header unless this includes a lower header; indent subsequent paragraphs.
- Introduction. No title for this section.
- Materials and Methods. Use #1 header style. Must include a statement indicating that research on live animals followed ASM guidelines (Sikes et al. 2016. Journal of Mammalogy in press) and, if appropriate, was approved by an institutional animal care and use committee (IACUC). All DNA sequences must be submitted to GenBank, and accession numbers provided in the manuscript before publication. Museum catalog numbers for all voucher specimens (including associated tissue) examined must be included in the manuscript (in an Appendix if numerous). Consult recent issues of the Journal of Mammalogy for examples.
- Results. Use #1 header style. Succinct and supported by data and analyses. Methods and interpretation belong elsewhere.
- Discussion. Use #1 header style. No “Summary” or “Conclusion”.
- Acknowledgments (note spelling). Use #1 header style.
- Supporting Information, if included (see below). Use #1 header style.
- Literature Cited (see below; not “References”). Use #1 header style.
- Tables and Figures (see below).
Nomenclatural Papers.—Papers that present new names or other nomenclatural acts are regulated by the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (The Code). For the Journal of Mammalogy, new taxa must include a name, stating specifically that it is a new taxon (see sec. 2.b. for an example); species descriptions should include designation of a holotype and where it is deposited, type locality, diagnosis, description, etymology, nomenclatural statement (prepared by JM editorial staff), and comparisons with other taxa; other common sections may include paratypes (or other types), common name, general description, distribution, ecology, and other sections as necessary. For new genus-group names, a type species must be fixed. For family-group names, the type genus must be fixed. Nomenclatural papers will be registered (by JM editorial staff) with ZooBank (http://zoobank.org/) and a Life Sciences Identifier number (LSID) will be secured. New names should use the header type presented above (sec. 2.b). See recent issues of the JM for examples. The Journal recommends #3 headers for these subsections.
Supporting Information.—Supporting information that adds depth to a manuscript but is not essential to a reader’s understanding of the research (e.g., spreadsheets, databases, equations, video or audio files, tables and/or figures) may be hosted online. They can be supplied as text, audio, or video files and uploaded as supplementary materials during the submission process. Supporting information files will not be edited and should conform to Journal of Mammalogy style; editors and reviewers will view the file during peer review, but we will not copyedit, typeset, or format supporting information. The material must be ready for e-posting when the manuscript is submitted for review. Supporting files should be referenced in your manuscript, e.g., “see Supporting Information S1”. All supporting information, be they tables, figures, text, videos, etc., should be labeled as “Supporting Information S1, S2, S3…,” consecutively through the manuscript. A short legend for each supporting file should be included in a section titled, “Supporting Information,” and appearing before the Literature Cited section.
Note that whereas “Supporting Information” uses a #1 header style, subsequent references to each supporting document should be formatted as follows:
Roman, Bold, No Indent, Cap and Lowercase Followed by Period.—Text follows em-dash.
Because e-only supporting files are published separately from the manuscript, they need to stand alone. If references are cited in the supporting information but not in the regular article, the references should appear at the end of the supporting file. References that appear only in the supporting information should not be listed in the Literature Cited section of the manuscript.
Supporting Information can be hosted online in document files (Word, Excel, PDF, etc.). Audio and video files should be no more than 10 minutes in length. Video files may be supplied by authors in .avi, .mov, .mp4, .mpg, .flv, .swf format, MPEG-2, or MPEG-4 preferred. If an author submits a video file, the author is encouraged to submit a still shot from the video (JPG, TIF, or EPS) to use for a thumbnail that can be placed in the article. Audio files should be mp3. 3-dimensional objects and geographic information system data should be KML files.
Literature Cited.—List all works cited in the text in the Literature Cited, including authority citations for scientific names in systematic papers but excluding references used only in Supporting Information. Works not cited should not be listed. Submitted manuscripts must be in press or removed before manuscript acceptance. Unpublished data and reports cannot be cited in the manuscript or listed in the Literature Cited, use pers. comm. or pers. obs. instead. The number of references cited should suffice to lead readers to key literature; use the lowest number of references necessary; rarely are more than 3 citations needed for a given point.
Personal communications should be cited parenthetically in the text; the citation should include the source’s name and affiliation and the date of the communication: (Henry J. Smith, [university or other affiliation, city, state], personal communication, [month and year of communication]). Submit letters from authors of personal communications giving permission to use the material. Manuscripts submitted for publication but not yet accepted may not be cited.
Cite literature in text using the “Name-Year” format as presented in the CSE guidelines. Multiple in-text citations are ordered chronologically (Author 1998; Author 1999, 2000); if a reference was published in a different year than that presented in the book insert the correct year in square brackets; e.g., “Gardner ” (see below for formatting these in the Literature Cited). Use the 1st author’s last name and “et al.” for in-text citation of works with more than 2 authors or editors, and cite in chronological order by lead author (e.g., if Jones, Smith, and Andrews 2000 and Jones, Andrews, and Smith 2001 were cited simultaneously, this should be cited as Jones et al. 2000, 2001). For multiple works by an author in the same year, cite as “a”, “b”, etc. (e.g., Author 2010a, 2010b) with the 1st article cited in text denoted as “a” (note that Jones, Smith, and Andrews 2001 and Jones, Andrews, and Smith 2001 would be cited as Jones et al. 2001a, 2001b, with the letters allocated in the order that these are presented in the Literature Cited).
In the Literature Cited, list the name of every author or editor, unless there are more than 7, in which case use “Author, et al. date” (see examples below). References are presented in alphabetical order by all authors (unless “et al.” is used), and chronologically for references with identical author lines. Capitalize only the 1st word and proper nouns of a reference and use italics only for scientific names. The style of some journals (i.e., the American Midland Naturalist, older issues of the Annals and Magazine of Natural History and of Mammalian Species) was to set scientific names in the titles of articles in Roman font, not italics; neither CSE nor the Chicago Manual provide guidance on how to reflect this in citation. This issue was raised with CSE personnel, and their recommendation (in litt. to DAK, 4 April 2016), which should be followed for both the Journal and Mammalian Species, was to always italicize scientific names in the Literature Cited, regardless of the original presentation. Provide the full names of all journals.
The following examples are typical of references in Journal of Mammalogy and Mammalian Species; refer to recent issues for additional formatting guidance.
Dumbacher, J. P., G. B. Rathbun, T. O. Osborne, M. Griffin, and S. J. Eiseb. 2014. A new species of round-eared sengi (genus Macroscelides) from Namibia. Journal of Mammalogy 95:443–454.
Sikes, R. S., and the Animal Care and Use Committee of the American Society of Mammalogists. 2016. 2016 guidelines of the American Society of Mammalogists for the use of wild mammals in research and education. Journal of Mammalogy in press.
Smith, J. B., T. W. Grovenburg, K. L. Monteith, and J. A. Jenks. 2015. Survival of female bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis) in the Black Hills, South Dakota. American Midland Naturalist 174:290–301.
Stapp, P., and G. A. Polis. 2003. Influence of pulsed resources and marine subsidies on insular rodent populations. Oikos 102:111–123.
Vieira, M. V. 2003. Seasonal niche dynamics in coexisting rodents of the Brazilian cerrado. Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment 38:7–15.
White, G. C., and K. P. Burnham. 1999. Program MARK: survival estimation from populations of marked animals. Bird Studies 46 (Supplement):120–139.
Gardner, A. L. (ed.). 2007 . Mammals of South America. 1. Marsupials, xenarthrans, shrews, and bats. University of Chicago Press. Chicago, Illinois. (See Emmons  below as example of reference for a treatment within this book).
Groves, C., and P. Grubb. 2011. Ungulate taxonomy. Johns Hopkins University Press. Baltimore, Maryland.
Hall, E. R. 1981. The mammals of North America. 2nd ed. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. New York 1:1–600 + 90. [OR . . . 2:601–1181 + 90.]
Neal, E. G., and D. C. Cheeseman. 1996. Badgers. Poyser Natural History. London, United Kingdom.
Peterson, A. T., et al. 2011. Ecological niches and geographic distributions. Princeton University Press. Princeton, New Jersey. (Note that this reference has 7 authors).
Wilson, D. E., and D. M. Reeder. 2005. Mammal species of the world: a taxonomic and geographic reference. 3rd ed. Johns Hopkins University Press. Baltimore, Maryland. (See Musser and Carleton (2005) below for how to cite sections within this book).
Chapter in Edited Books
Emmons, L. H. 2007 . Genus Caluromysiops. Pp. 11–12 in Mammals of South America. 1. Marsupials, xenarthrans, shrews, and bats (A. L. Gardner, ed.). University of Chicago Press. Chicago, Illinois. (See Gardner  above for citing the entire volume).
Fahr, J. 2013. Rhinolophus ziama. Ziama horseshoe bat. Pp. 355–356 in Mammals of Africa. 4. Hedgehogs, shrews, and bats (M. Happold and D. C. D. Happold, eds.). Bloomsbury Publishing. London, United Kingdom.
Goin, F. J., J. N. Gelfo, L. Chornogubsky, M. O. Woodburne, and T. Martin. 2012. Origins, radiations, and distribution of South American mammals: from greenhouse to icehouse worlds. Pp. 20–50 in Bones, clones, and biomes: the history and geography of Recent Neotropical mammals (B. D. Patterson and L. P. Costa, eds.). University of Chicago Press. Chicago, Illinois.
Kley, N. J., and M. Kearney. 2007. Adaptations for digging and burrowing. Pp. 284–309 in Fins into limbs (B. Hall, ed.). University of Chicago Press. Chicago, Illinois.
Musser, G. G., and M. D. Carleton. 2005. Superfamily Muroidea. Pp. 894–1531 in Mammal species of the world: a taxonomic and geographic reference. 3rd ed. (D. E. Wilson and D. M. Reeder, eds.). Johns Hopkins University Press. Baltimore, Maryland. (See Wilson and Reeder (2005) above for citing the full book).
Carey, A. B., B. L. Biswell, and J. W. Witt. 1991. Methods for measuring populations of arboreal rodents. U.S. Forest Service, General Technical Report PNW-GTR-273:1–24.
Griggs, F. T., and River Partners. 2009. California riparian habitat restoration handbook. 2nd. ed. July 2009. California Riparian Habitat Joint Venture. Sacramento, California.
Zielinski, W. J. 1995. Track plates. Pp. 67–89 in American marten, fisher, lynx, and wolverine: survey methods for their detection (W. J. Zielinski and T. E. Kucera, eds.). U.S. Forest Service, General Technical Report PSW-GTR-157:1–163.
Armitage, K. B., and D. T. Blumstein. 2002. Body-mass diversity in marmots. Pp 22–40 in Holarctic marmots as a factor of biodiversity. Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Marmots, Cheboksary, Russia, 25–30 August 1997 (K. B. Armitage and V. Y. Rumiantsev, eds.). ABF Publishing House. Moscow, Russia.
Theses or Dissertations
Quaife, L. R. 1978. The form and function of the North American badger (Taxidea taxus) and its fossorial way of life. M.S. thesis, University of Calgary. Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
Steward, P. D. 1997. The social behaviour of the European badger, Meles meles. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Oxford. Oxford, United Kingdom.
Web sites (Do not include web addresses in manuscript text, cite them as “(Author Year)” and include web address in Literature Cited).
CDFW [California Department of Fish and Wildlife]. 2008. State & federally listed endangered & threatened animals of California. January 2013. www.dfg.ca.gov/biogeodata/cnddb/pdfs/TEAnimals.pdf. Accessed 15 July 2013.
IUCN. 2015. The IUCN Red List of threatened species. Ver. 2015.3. www.iucnredlist.org. Accessed 6 November 2015.
To cite the IUCN assessment of a given species, use the following template
Author(s). Year. Species name. In: IUCN 2015. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.3. www.iucnredlist.org. Accessed 6 November 2015.
Software (Cite software as “(Author Year)” in text and include citation in literature cited.)
ESRI. 2002. ArcView GIS. Ver. 3.3. Environmental System Research Institute, Inc. Redlands, California.
IBM Corp. 2012. IBM SPSS statistics for Windows. Ver. 21.0. IBM Corp. Armonk, New York.
Jenness Enterprises. 2002. Kit fox telemetry. A custom-written extension for ArcView 3.3. Jenness Enterprises. Flagstaff, Arizona.
Kenward, R. E., N.M. Casey, S. S. Walls, and A. B. South. 2014. Ranges9: for the analysis of tracking and location data. Online manual. Anatrack Ltd. Wareham, United Kingdom.
McCune, B., and M. J. Mefford. 2011. PC_ORD. Multivariate analysis of ecological data. Ver, x. MjM Software. Gleneden Beach, Oregon.
R Development Core Team. 2012. R: a language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing. Vienna, Austria. www.R-project.org/.
Rodgers, A. R., and A. P. Carr. 1998. HRE: the Home Range Extension for ArcView. Centre for Northern Forest Ecosystem Research, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources. Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada.
SAS Institute Inc. 2008. SAS/STAT user’s guide. Release 9.2. SAS Institute, Inc. Cary, North Carolina.
Statsoft Inc. 2002. Statistica. Release 6. Statsoft, Inc. Tulsa, Oklahoma.
Swofford, D. L. 1999. PAUP*: phylogenetic analysis using parsimony (*and other methods). Ver. 4. Sinauer Associates, Inc., Publishers. Sunderland, Massachusetts.
Tables and Figure.—All Tables and Figures should be interpretable without reference to the manuscript; that is, they should “stand alone.” Tables must be provided as text (not images). Capitalize only the 1st word in figure and table titles (and subheadings), except for proper nouns. Use lowercase letters to indicate footnotes in tables and panels in figures. Put panel labels (a, b, etc.) in the upper left corner of figures, if needed. Construct tables without vertical rules. For more general guidelines on the construction of tables, see the CSE Manual and the Chicago Manual of Style.
Artwork should suit the manner in which it will be published and should be readable in black and white, even if it will appear in color. Artwork submitted for publication should be of the highest quality, in vector-graphic format if possible, or with a minimum resolution of 600 dpi for line art and 400 dpi for photographs at 4 x 6 inches for figures intended to run within the article, and the same resolution at 8 x 11 inches for figures intended for the cover. Images for the cover of Journal of Mammalogy should have a vertical (portrait) orientation. Please use a common image format for figures (e.g., pdf, eps, gif, tif). The initial submission can have figures and text in one file, rather than separate files if desired. Further information on figures can be found here: http://oxfordjournals.org/en/authors/figures.html. Maps must include latitude and longitude ticks and, if appropriate, a compass rose and scale, and should be understandable on their own. All figures should be square or rectangular in outline to avoid wasting space; do not submit maps with “locator maps” placed above or to the side of the main map if this leaves empty space adjacent to the primary map.
Authors who want their artwork to print in color will be charged a fee of US $1,000 for each image. There is no fee for color if an image is used on the cover of Journal of Mammalogy.
Articles in Journal of Mammalogy are subject to a charge of US $80.00 per printed page. As a benefit of membership, authors who are members of ASM at the time of submission are eligible for a reduction or waiver of page charges at the discretion of the Editor-in-Chief (at least 1 author must be a member). If resources are available, members are strongly encouraged to pay full or partial page charges.
Journal of Mammalogy authors have the option to publish their paper under the Oxford Open initiative whereby, for a charge, their paper will be made freely available online immediately upon publication. After your manuscript is accepted, the corresponding author will be required to accept a mandatory license to publish agreement. As part of the licensing process, you will be asked to indicate whether or not you wish to pay for open access. If you do not select the open access option, your paper will be published with standard subscription-based access and you will not be charged.
Oxford Open articles are published under Creative Commons licenses.
RCUK/Wellcome Trust funded authors publishing in Journal of Mammalogy can use the Creative Commons Attribution license (CC BY) for their articles. All other authors must use the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial license (CC BY-NC).
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You can pay Open Access charges using our Author Services site. This will enable you to pay online with a credit/debit card, or request an invoice by email or post. The applicable open access charges vary according to which Creative Commons license you select. The open access charges are as follows.
Non-member charges for CC BY and CC BY-NC
- Regular charge: £984 / $1575 / €1279
- Reduced Rate Developing country charge*: £493 / $788 / €640
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Everyone listed as an author of an article must have made a substantial contribution to the manuscript. In the case of multiple-author contributions, please include a brief statement detailing the contribution of each author.
- Authorship should be restricted to those individuals who have met each of 3 criteria: (a) made a significant contribution to the conception and design or the analysis and interpretation of data or other scholarly effort, (b) participated in drafting the article or reviewing and/or revising it for content, and (c) approved the final version of the manuscript.
- In the case of papers with multiple authors, the senior author (generally the 1st or last author) has the responsibility for: (a) including as coauthors all those who meet the 3 criteria defined in part 1 of this policy and excluding those who do not; and (b) obtaining from all coauthors their agreement to be designated as such, as well as their approval of the final version of the manuscript. Of course, any person can refuse to be a coauthor if he or she elects to do so.
- Coauthors assume full responsibility for all work submitted under their names and, as a coauthor, acknowledge that they meet each of the 3 criteria for authorship as defined in part 1 of this policy.
- Honorary or courtesy authorships are inconsistent with the principles of this policy and, as such, are unacceptable.
Conflict of Interest Statement
The pages of Journal of Mammalogy are open to all members of the scientific community, whether they work independently or for academic, government, industry, or other organizations. To enable our editors, peer reviewers, and readers to assess authors’ professional credentials, as well as any potential biases, we ask that authors disclose all information about their employment affiliations and any financial interests relevant to the work that the author has submitted for publication in Journal of Mammalogy. Reviewers should also disclose similar information relevant to the works they are asked to evaluate.
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Language Editing Pre-Submission
Both the ASM and OUP have pre-submission language editing services available.
OUP offers pre-submission language editing through Oxford Language Editing, a service for researchers all over the world. Language editing, particularly if English is not your 1st language, can be used to ensure that the academic content of your paper is fully understood by the journal editors and reviewers. Visit www.oxfordlanguageediting.com to find out more about the freelance editors available and the different services offered. Please note that edited manuscripts will still need to undergo peer-review by the journal.
ASM has a “Buddy System” which includes colleagues who have expressed willingness to assist authors with the presentation of their research. If English is not your primary language, you may request a ‘‘buddy’’ who will volunteer his/her time to assist you. Read more about the ASM "Buddy System" here. To be put in contact with a ‘‘buddy’’ please contact the Editor-in-Chief.
Online ISSN 1545–1542 - Print ISSN 0022–2372