Abstract

Parasitic life stages of Amblyomma maculatum Koch were collected from domestic cattle and several species of wild mammals during a 3.5-yr study (May 1998–October 2001) in north-central Oklahoma. Adult ticks were the predominant life stage collected from cattle, white-tailed deer, coyotes, and raccoons, whereas only immature ticks were collected from cotton rats and white-footed mice. The prevalence of adult A. maculatum on white-tailed deer (n = 15) examined in June, July, and August 1998 was 80, 100, 100%, respectively. The prevalence of adult A. maculatum on cattle (n = 84) ranged from 52% in February 1999 to 100% in May 1999. The prevalence of adult A. maculatum on coyotes (n = 16) was 100% in April 1998 and 43% on coyotes (n = 7) examined in January 2001. The prevalence of adult A. maculatum on raccoons (n = 23) examined during May, June, and July 1999 was 13%. No A. maculatum of any life stage were recovered from opossums (n = 7). Nine hundred forty-five rodents were trapped over 294 trap-nights; prevalence of A. maculatum larvae and nymphs on cotton rats (n = 395) was 34 and 15%, respectively, whereas on white-footed mice (n = 517), prevalence was 1.5 and 1.4%, respectively. No A. maculatum were recovered from pack rats (n = 33). There were significant differences (P = 0.0001) in larval infestation prevalence between cotton rats and white-footed mice in the spring, summer, and fall and for nymphs in the spring and summer. Results of A. maculatum parasitism and seasonal occurrence on hosts in this study are compared with previous research conducted in Oklahoma and with collection records of A. maculatum in the Entomology Museum at Oklahoma State University.

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