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Free access to OUP resources on Aedes aegypti and Zika virus research

In response to the recent outbreak of the Zika virus in the Americas, Oxford University Press has curated a collection of articles on the virus and its carrier, the yellowfever mosquito (Aedes aegypti), also the primary vector of yellow fever, dengue, and chikungunya. These articles are freely available to assist researchers, medical professionals, policy makers and others working on management of Aedes aegypti and the Zika virus crisis. We invite you to read our collection to learn more about this dangerous insect and the viruses it transmits.

Articles will be freely available until 30 September 2016.

Aedes aegypti

Zika virus

OUP blog


Aedes aegypti

The yellowfever mosquito, Aedes aegypti, is one of the world's most deadly animals. In addition to yellow fever, it is the primary vector of Zika virus, dengue, and chikungunya. These mosquitoes lay their eggs in small containers that hold water, including tree holes, cups, bowls, discarded tires, flower pots, tin cans, clogged rain gutters, and many other objects, which puts them in close contact with humans. They prefer to bite during the day, but are most active two hours before sunrise and two hours after sunset. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), there are an estimated 200,000 cases of yellow fever each year, causing 30,000 deaths, with 90% occurring in Africa. The WHO also estimates that about 390 million cases of dengue occur globally each year. Symptoms include high fever, severe headache, severe eye pain, joint pain, nose bleeds, rash, and low white blood cell counts. Severe cases may lead to dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF), which can be fatal. Zika virus was first described in 1947 in Uganda, but has since spread to other parts of the world, with outbreaks occurring in the Western Hemisphere for the first time in 2014. The virus appears to be linked to microcephaly in babies born to infected mothers. Likewise, chikungunya originated in Africa but has spread to the Western Hemisphere, where outbreaks began occurring in 2013. This collection includes articles about the biology and behavior of Aedes aegypti as well as papers that describe research on novel ways to control them. We invite you to visit our journals online to learn more about these dangerous insects.

Richard Levine

Communications Program Manager of the Entomological Society of America

Journal of Insect ScienceJournal of Integrated Pest ManagementJournal of Economic EntomologyJournal of Medical

Oral delivery of double-stranded RNA in larvae of the yellow fever mosquito, Aedes aegypti: Implications for pest mosquito control (Journal of Insect Science)
By Aditi D. Singh, Sylvia Wong, Calen P. Ryan, and Steven Whyard

The Deployed Warfighter Protection (DWFP) Research Program: Developing New Public Health Pesticides, Application Technologies, and Repellent Systems (Journal of Integrated Pest Management)
By Douglas A. Burkett, Stanton E. Cope, Daniel A. Strickman, and Graham B. White

Wide Spread Cross Resistance to Pyrethroids in Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) From Veracruz State Mexico (Journal of Economic Entomology)
By Adriana E. Flores, Gustavo Ponce, Brenda G. Silva, Selene M. Gutierrez, Cristina Bobadilla, Beatriz Lopez, Roberto Mercado, and William C. Black IV

Immuno-Chromatographic Wicking Assay for the Rapid Detection of Chikungunya Viral Antigens in Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) (Journal of Medical Entomology)
By Juanita M. Hinson, Sonia Davé, Scott S. McMenamy, Kirti Davé, and Michael J. Turell

Evidence for Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) Oviposition on Boats in the Peruvian Amazon (Journal of Medical Entomology)
By Sarah Anne Guagliardo, Amy C. Morrison, Jose Luis Barboza, Dawn M. Wesson, Loganathan Ponnusamy, Helvio Astete, Gonzalo Vazquez- Prokopec, and Uriel Kitron

Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Mass Trapping With BG-Sentinel Traps for Dengue Vector Control: A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial in Manaus, Brazil (Journal of Medical Entomology)
By C. M. Degener, Á. E. Eiras, T. M. F. Ázara, R. A. Roque, S. Rösner, C. T. Codeço, A. A. Nobre, E. S. O. Rocha, E. G. Kroon, J. J. Ohly, and M. Geier

Vacant Lots: Productive Sites for Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) in Mérida City, México (Journal of Medical Entomology)
By Carlos M. Baak-Baak, Roger Arana-Guardia, Nohemi Cigarroa-Toledo, María Alba Loroño-Pino, Guadalupe Reyes-Solis, Carlos Machain-Williams, Barry J. Beaty, Lars Eisen, and Julián E. García-Rejón

Use of the CDC Autocidal Gravid Ovitrap to Control and Prevent Outbreaks of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) (Journal of Medical Entomology)
By Roberto Barrera, Manuel Amador, Veronica Acevedo, Belkis Caban, Gilberto Felix, and Andrew J. Mackay

Cold Season Mortality Under Natural Conditions and Subsequent Hatching Response of Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) Eggs in a Subtropical City of Argentina (Journal of Medical Entomology)
By Javier Orlando Giménez, Sylvia Fischer, Laura Zalazar, and Marina Stein

Evaluating Liquid and Granular Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis Broadcast Applications for Controlling Vectors of Dengue and Chikungunya Viruses in Artificial Containers and Tree Holes (Journal of Medical Entomology)
By James F. Harwood, Muhammad Farooq, Brent T. Turnwall, and Alec G. Richardson

Exploring New Thermal Fog and Ultra-Low Volume Technologies to Improve Indoor Control of the Dengue Vector, Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) (Journal of Medical Entomology)
By James F. Harwood, Muhammad Farooq, Alec G. Richardson, Carl W. Doud, John L. Putnam, Daniel E. Szumlas, and Jason H. Richardson

Susceptibility to Chlorpyrifos in Pyrethroid-Resistant Populations of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) From Mexico (Journal of Medical Entomology)
By Beatriz Lopez, Gustavo Ponce, Jessica A. Gonzalez, Selene M. Gutierrez, Olga K. Villanueva, Gabriela Gonzalez, Cristina Bobadilla, Iram P. Rodriguez, William C. Black IV, and Adriana E. Flores

Cell Phone-Based System (Chaak) for Surveillance of Immatures of Dengue Virus Mosquito Vectors (Journal of Medical Entomology)
By Saul Lozano–Fuentes, Fadi Wedyan, Edgar Hernandez–Garcia, Devadatta Sadhu, Sudipto Ghosh, James M. Bieman, Diana Tep-Chel, Julián E. García–Rejón, and Lars Eisen

Mathematical Models as Aids for Design and Development of Experiments: The Case of Transgenic Mosquitoes (Journal of Medical Entomology)
By Michael A. Robert, Mathieu Legros, Luca Facchinelli, Laura Valerio, Janine M. Ramsey, Thomas W. Scott, Fred Gould, and Alun L. Lloyd

How Important is Vertical Transmission of Dengue Viruses by Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae)? (Journal of Medical Entomology)
By Martin Grunnill, and Michael Boots

Reported Distribution of Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti and Aedes (Stegomyia) albopictus in the United States, 1995-2016 (Diptera: Culicidae) (Journal of Medical Entomology)
By Micah B. Hahn, Rebecca J. Eisen, Lars Eisen, Karen A. Boegler, Chester G. Moore, Janet McAllister, Harry M. Savage, and John-Paul Mutebi

Zika virus

Journal of Travel Medicine The Journal of Infectious Disease Transactions of the Royal Society of
            Tropical Medicine & Hygiene
Clinical Infectious Diseases Open Forum Infectious Diseases Brain


Zika fever imported from Thailand to Japan, and diagnosed by PCR in the urine (Journal of Travel Medicine)
By Koh Shinohara MD, Satoshi Kutsuna MD, Tomohiko Takasaki MD, Meng Ling Moi PhD, Makiko Ikeda PhD, Akira Kotaki PhD, Kei Yamamoto MD, Yoshihiro Fujiya MD, Momoko Mawatari MD, Nozomi Takeshita MD, Kayoko Hayakawa MD, Shuzo Kanagawa MD, Yasuyuki Kato MD, and Norio Ohmagari MD

Zika virus (I). Isolations and serological specificity (Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene)
By G. W. A. Dick, S. F. Kitchen and A. J. Haddow

Zika virus (II). Pathogenicity and physical properties (Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene)
By G. W. A. Dick

Zika virus: Further isolations in the Zika area, and some studies on the strains isolated (Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene)
By M.P. Weinbren and M.C. Williams

Zika virus infection experimentally induced in a human volunteer (Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene)
By W. G. C. Bearcroft

A simple technique for infection of mosquitoes with viruses transmission of Zika virus (Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene)
By J. P. T. Boorman and J. S. Porterfield

Zika virus : A report on three cases of human infection during an epidemic of jaundice in Nigeria  (Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene)
By F.N MacNamara

Epidemic dengue 2 in the city of Djibouti 1991–1992 (Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene)
By Guénaël R. Kodier, Duane J. Gubler, Stanton E. Cope, C.Bruce Cropp, Atef K. Soliman, Dominique Polycarpe, Mohamed A. Abdourhaman, Jean-Pierre Parra, Jérôme Maslin, and Ray R. Arthur

Arbovirus infections and viral haemorrhagic fevers in Uganda: a serological survey in Karamoja district, 1984 (Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene)
By F. Rodhain, J.P. Gonzalez, E. Mercier, B. Helynck, B. Larouze, and C. Hannoun

Arthropod-borne virus antibodies in sera of residents of Kainji Lake Basin, Nigeria 1980 (Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene)
By E.O. Adekolu-John and A.H. Fagbami

A sero-epidemiological survey for certain arboviruses (Togaviridae) in Pakistan (Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene)
By Medhat A. Darwish, Harry Hoogstraal, Thomas J. Roberts, Ismat P. Ahmed, and Ferial Omar

Yellow fever and Zika virus epizootics and enzootics in Uganda (Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene)
By A.W.R. McCrae and B.G. Kirya

Zika virus, a cause of fever in Central Java, Indonesia (Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene)
By J. G. Olson, T. G. Ksiazek, Suhandiman, and Triwibowo

Large scale irrigation and arbovirus epidemiology, Kano plain, Kenya II. Preliminary serological survey (Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene)
By E.T.W. Bowen, D.I.H. Simpson, G.S. Platt, Hilary Way, W.F. Bright, Janice Day, S. Achapa, and J.M.D. Roberts

Survey for antibodies against arthropod-borne viruses in the sera of indigenous residents of Angola (Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene)
By R.H. Kokernot, V.M.R. Casaca, M.P. Weinbren, and B.M. McIntosh

Zika virus infection in man (Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene)
By D.I.H. Simpson

Arthropod-borne virus antibodies in sera from residents of South-East Asia (Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene)
By William L. Pond

II. Ecological aspects of the evolution of mosquito-borne virus diseases (Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene)
By P.F. Mattingly

Yellow fever and other arthropod-borne viruses: A consideration of two serological surveys made in South Western Nigeria (Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene)
By F.N. Macnamara, D.W. Horn, and J.S. Porterfield

Epidemiological notes on some viruses isolated in Uganda (Yellow fever, Rift Valley fever, Bwamba fever, West Nile, Mengo, Semliki forest, Bunyamwera, Ntaya, Uganda S and Zika viruses) (Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene)
By G. W. Dick

Zika Virus (Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene)
By D. Simkiss

Maintaining a Safe Blood Supply in an Era of Emerging Pathogens (The Journal of Infectious Diseases)
By Peter W. Marks, Jay S. Epstein, and Luciana Borio

Search and one will find: Zika virus everywhere (Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene)
By S. Higgs and D. L. Vanlandingham

Zika Virus: Implications for Public Health (Clinical Infectious Diseases)
By Daniele Focosi, Fabrizio Maggi, and Mauro Pistello

Sexual Transmission of Zika Virus: Implications for Clinical Care and Public Health Policy (Clinical Infectious Diseases)
By José Moreira, Cristiane C Lamas, and Andre Siqueira

Nucleoside inhibitors of Zika virus (The Journal of Infectious Diseases)
By Luděk Eyer, Radim Nencka, Ivana Huvarová, Martin Palus, Maria Joao Alves, Ernest A. Gould, Erik De Clercq, and Daniel Růžek

Time to empower RIDL and Wolbachia against Zika (Open Forum Infectious Diseases)
By Borame L. Dickens, Jie Yang, Alex R. Cook, and Luis R. Carrasco

Guillain-Barré syndrome and Zika virus: Estimating attributable risk to inform intensive care capacity preparedness (Clinical Infectious Diseases)
By Chee Fu Yung and Koh Cheng Thoon

INVITED ARTICLE: Clinical and Imaging Findings in an Infant with Zika Embryopathy (Clinical Infectious Diseases)
By Kumar, Sarah K. Min, Rupa Wong, Leon Grant, and Marian E. Melish

Zika Virus Infection Associated with Severe Thrombocytopenia (Clinical Infectious Diseases)
By Tyler M. Sharp, Jorge Muñoz-Jordán, Janice Perez-Padilla, Melissa I. Bello-Pagán, Aidsa Rivera, Daniel M. Pastula, Jorge L. Salinas, Jose H. Martínez Mendez, Mónica Méndez, Ann M. Powers, Stephen Waterman, and Brenda Rivera-García

Outbreak of Zika virus infection, Chiapas State, Mexico, 2015, and first confirmed transmission by Aedes aegypti mosquitoes in the Americas (The Journal of Infectious Diseases)
By Mathilde Guerbois, Ildefonso Fernandez-Salas, Sasha R. Azar, Rogelio Danis-Lozano, Celia M. Alpuche-Aranda, Grace Leal, Iliana R. Garcia-Malo, Esteban E. Diaz-Gonzalez, Mauricio Casas-Martinez, Shannan L. Rossi, Samanta L. Del Río-Galván, Rosa M. Sanchez-Casas, Christopher M. Roundy, Thomas G. Wood, Steven G. Widen, Nikos Vasilakis, and Scott C. Weaver

Zika virus-associated neurological disorders: a review (Brain)
By Abelardo Q. C. Araujo, Marcus Tulius T. Silva, and Alexandra P. Q. C. Araujo

Long Lasting Persistence of Zika Virus in Semen (Clinical Infectious Diseases)
By Sophie Matheron, Eric D'Ortenzio, Isabelle Leparc-Goffart, Bruno Hubert, Xavier de Lamballerie, and Yazdan Yazdanpanah

OUP blog

Another unpleasant infection: Zika virus
By David I. Grove

The Zika virus: a “virgin soil” epidemic
By Peter C. Doherty

A short history of the mosquito that transmits Zika virus
By Richard Levine

Zika, sex, and mosquitoes: Olympic mix
By Mary E. Wilson


Zika virus: What Laboratory Professionals and Pathologists Need to Know
Dr. Diamond of Washington University School of Medicine discusses what lab professionals and pathologists need to know about the Zika Virus.

An interview with Dr. Duane Gubler
In the ninth installment of the Open Forum Infectious Diseases podcast, Editor in Chief Paul Sax, MD, explores the current Zika virus outbreak with Duane Gubler, ScD, MS, who specializes in vector-borne infectious diseases. Dr. Gubler walks through the epidemiology of Zika and postulates both how Zika made its way to Brazil from the South Pacific and how this disease could impact the United States.

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