We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website. By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Find out more Skip to Main Content

Standards compliance

Oxford University Press actively supports open standards throughout our online publishing processes. Current standards which we support include the following:

  • Accessibilty standards (WAI, WCAG)
  • Athens and Shibboleth authentication
  • Creative Commons
  • Crossref services (Cited by, Funding Data, Similarity Check, Metadata Services)
  • Digital Object Identifiers
  • Fundref
  • MathJax
  • OpenURL
  • RSS
  • Shibboleth

Schema.org markup

All Oxford Journals articles contain structured data embedded in the HTML pages, to make it easier for users to find content via web searches and services, by helping search engines and digital assistants (like Siri, Cortana, Alexa and Google Now) understand what the content is about.

The markup is encoded in the W3C standard JSON-LD using schema.org vocabulary. We provide information using the ScholarlyArticle schema about an article’s DOI-based URL, title, author(s) and their affiliations, keywords, abstract or other description, and bibliographic information such as the name of the journal the article’s in, issue, volume, ISSN, publication date, page numbers, copyright holder and publisher.

This Feature Is Available To Subscribers Only

Sign In or Create an Account

This PDF is available to Subscribers Only

View Article Abstract & Purchase Options

For full access to this pdf, sign in to an existing account, or purchase an annual subscription.

Subscribe Now