Aramaic still survives as a spoken language among some Christian and Jewish communities in the Middle East. The dialects can be divided into various groups. The most diverse group is that known as North Eastern Neo-Aramaic. Dialects of this group are spoken by Christian and Jewish communities. Many of these communities, however, have now been displaced and the younger generations no longer speak the dialects. The description of these dialects is of immense importance for Semitic philology. The dialects exhibit linguistic developments that are not only interesting in their own right but also present illuminating parallels to developments in earlier Semitic.

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