Angels are and have always been a popular topic. Nonetheless, much confusion remains in popular and even scholarly literature. The present study aims to provide clarity about angels (םיכאלמ, literally ‘messengers’) in Genesis and Exodus by situating the texts in their ancient Near Eastern contexts and examining how they adapt the ideas of those contexts to fit their own unique theological agenda. The resulting portrait is derived from, but clearly distinct from, its ancient Near Eastern analogues.

You do not currently have access to this article.