InChrist and the Cosmos, Keith Ward claims that social trinitarianism (ST) is a misleading account of the doctrine of the Trinity. ST affirms that there are three robust persons within the Godhead. Roughly, on ST, a person is a centre of consciousness with free will. According to ST, there are three eternally distinct centres of consciousness, each with their own will, within the Godhead. Ward rejects ST, and offers his own reformulation of the doctrine of the Trinity. More on Ward’s understanding of the Trinity below.

Christ and the Cosmos is broken down into five parts. In Part I, Ward seeks to clear the ground of unhelpful doctrinal thinking before turning to critique ST. He starts by pointing out that humanity has come a long way in its understanding of...

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