Once the International Convention on the Rights of the Child was ratified, Latin America undertook various legal reforms. This article is the result of a comparative study on the regulation of parental responsibility in Latin America, with the purpose of demonstrating that the legislation has not adjusted completely to the Convention. This institution has been constructed gradually, on the occasion of certain legislative reforms or constitutional debates. However, it has not been consolidated within the national legal frameworks since some of its aspects are subject to paradigms that existed prior to the Convention. This critical consideration does not apply to Argentina, which has introduced substantial modifications to the regulation of family relationships, to which we will particularly refer.

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