Abstract

One approach to moderating the expected behaviour of agents in open societies is the use of explicit languages for defining norms, conditional commitments and/or social expectations, together with infrastructure supporting conformance checking. This article presents a logical account of the fulfilment and violation of social expectations modelled as conditional rules over a hybrid linear propositional temporal logic. Our semantics captures the intuition that the fulfilment or violation of an expectation must be determined without recourse to information from later states.We define a means of updating expectations from one state to the next based on formula progression, and show how conformance checking was implemented by combining the MCFULLmodel checking algorithm of Franceschet and de Rijke and the semantics for LTL over truncated paths proposed by Eisner et al. We present algorithms for both traditional offline model checking, where the complete model is available at once, and online model checking, where states are added to the model sequentially at runtime.

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