In 1932 (the two-hundredth anniversary of the birth of George Washington and a time of institutionally sponsored patriotic fervor), the African American writer W. E. B. Du Bois published a play that would challenge the veneration of America’s first president. In George Washington and Black Folk: A Pageant for the Bicentenary, 1732-1932, Du Bois aimed to provide an alternative view of established history, with a focus on African Americans’ achievements during the Washington era.

You do not currently have access to this article.