Cyclopes didactylus (Linnaeus, 1758) is a small, arboreal anteater commonly called the silky anteater. This nocturnal denizen of diverse forests has a disjunct range with a western population from Central America into South America and an eastern population in the Atlantic rain forest of Brazil. The main population of C. didactylus is listed as “Least Concern” by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, but habitat loss and sugarcane production threatens its habitat in the Atlantic rain forest.

Author notes

Associate Editor of this account was C. William Kilpatrick. Editor was Meredith J. Hamilton.