LAƷAMON'S narrative of the Arthurian Battle of Badon Hill (Brut, lines 10580–10706) is a much-anthologized and well-known text, recognized for its powerful representation of the violence and horror of medieval warfare. In his speech at the end of the battle to the Saxon leaders Colgrim and Baldulf, Arthur surveys the battlefield and the slaughtered Saxon army.

Ʒurstendæi wes Baldulf cnihten alre baldest;

nu he stant on hulle and Auene bihaldeð,

hu ligeð i þan stræme stelene fisces;

mid sweorde bigeorede heore sund is awemmed;

heore scalen wleoteð swulc gold-faƷe sceldes;

þer fleoteð heore spiten swulc hit spæren weoren.

Þis beoð seolcuðe þing isiƷen to þissen londe,

swulche deor an hulle, swulche fisces in wælle! … 1

Yesterday Baldulf was the boldest of all men;

now he stands on the hill and looks at the Avon,

at how steel fish lie in the stream;

weighed down with swords their...

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