formerly with the Tufts University Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, Boston, Massachusetts
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Dartmouth Medical School, One Medical Center Dr., HB7900, Lebanon, NH 03756; Phone: 802–295–9363 ext. 6077; Fax: 802–296–5173; E-mail: email@example.com
Stephanie M. Dorosko, DVM, PhD; Vitamin a, Mastitis, and Mother-to-Child Transmission of Hiv-1 through Breast-feeding: Current Information and Gaps in Knowledge. Nutr Rev 2014; 63 (10): 332-346. doi: 10.1111/j.1753-4887.2005.tb00111.x
Mastitis has been implicated as a risk factor for mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV-1 through breast-feeding. Maternal vitamin A deficiency is also associated with increased MTCT, as well as with episodes of mastitis in lactating animals. This review describes the complex interrelationship between vitamin A, mastitis, and MTCT of HIV-1 via mothers' milk. Current gaps in knowledge, as well as recommendations for future research efforts, are also discussed.