Erick Boy, Venkatesh Mannar, Chandrakant Pandav, Bruno De Benoist, Fernando Viteri, Olivier Fontaine, Christine Hotz; Achievements, challenges, and promising new approaches in vitamin and mineral deficiency control. Nutr Rev 2009; 67 (suppl_1): S24-S30. doi: 10.1111/j.1753-4887.2009.00155.x
Micronutrient deficiencies (MNDs) contribute significantly to the world's disease and mortality burden. Global efforts addressing MNDs have achieved significant yet heterogeneous progress across and within regions and countries. For vitamin A and iodine interventions, enhancing achievements in coverage require further political and financial commitment and targeting of hard-to-reach populations. Anemia control must focus on prevention among preschoolers and adolescent women and on integrated public health programs. Current international guidelines on iron supplementation and cut-off values for anemia need revision. For zinc, advocacy to accelerate the application of revised diarrhea management guidelines is critical, as are efficacy studies on food-based interventions and preventive supplementation.