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The Microbiome and Noncommunicable Diseases

In nutrition, the role of the gut microbiome is at the forefront of research, and dietary recommendations continue to include an emphasis on dietary fiber and whole grains. The important connections between whole grain and fiber intake, gut health, the microbiome, the gut-brain axis, and disease pathogenesis and prevention are explored in this special issue.  Understanding the vital ways in which gut health affects overall health may aid the prevention and/or treatment of an array of non-communicable diseases including some of the most prevalent and burdensome, such as some enteric diseases, metabolic dysfunction, and cancer.

Gut epithelial inducible heat-shock proteins and their modulation by diet and the microbiota
Marie-Edith Arnal; Jean-Paul Lallès

Consumption of whole grains and cereal fiber in relation to cancer risk: a systematic review of longitudinal studies
Nour Makarem; Joseph M. Nicholson; Elisa V. Bandera; Nicola M. McKeown; Niyati Parekh

Early-life enteric infections: relation between chronic systemic inflammation and poor cognition in children
Reinaldo B. Oriá et al.

Vegetarian diets and gut microbiota: important shifts in metabolism and cardiovascular disease markers
Vinicius A. do Rosario; Ricardo Fernandes; Erasmo B.S. de M Trindade

Potential misinterpretation of the nutritional value of dietary fiber: correcting fiber digestibility values for nondietary gut-interfering material
Carlos A. Montoya; Sharon J. Henare; Shane M. Rutherfurd; Paul J. Moughan

Role of gut microbiota and nutrients in amyloid formation and pathogenesis of Alzheimer disease
Francesca Pistollato et al.

Microbiome and nutrition in autism spectrum disorder: current knowledge and research needs
Kirsten Berding; Sharon M. Donovan

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