Nicola Courtright: The Papacy and the Art of Reform in Sixteenth-Century Rome: Gregory XIII's Tower of the Winds in the Vatican (Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, 2003), 10 colour illns, 214 b&w illns, 312 pp., hardback ISBN 0 521 62437 1, £65.00, $85.00.

Nicola Courtright's book represents an interesting and useful contribution to the study of Counter-Reformation Rome, providing the first detailed examination of the suite of rooms in the Vatican Palace known as the Tower of the Winds. Built by Pope Gregory XIII (1572–1585), the Tower comprises seven rooms, which are arranged over three storeys and crown the same pope's extension of the corridor along the Western side of the Cortile del Belvedere. Rising above the continuous façade of the courtyard, the Tower would certainly have enjoyed a position of prominence when first built, but with the construction of the Vatican Library by Gregory's successor, Sixtus V (1585–1590), it was...

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