This book is part of a major project undertaken by the Centre for Studies in Civilizations (New Delhi), being one of a total of ninety-six planned volumes. The author is a statistician and computer scientist by training, who has concentrated on historical matters for the last ten years or so. The book has very ambitious aims, proposing an alternative philosophy of mathematics and a deviant history of the calculus. Throughout, there is an emphasis on the need to combine history and philosophy of mathematics, especially in order to evaluate properly the history of mathematics in India, in particular the history of the calculus.

The pivotal goals of the book are (i) to oppose the Eurocentric account of the history of science in general and mathematics in particular; (ii) to avoid the...

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