Modality and Tense brings together eleven of Kit Fine's articles on these topics, spanning the past three decades. The collection does not include his influential work on essence and dependence or his technical work on modality. Aided by a terrific introduction that sets the stage and provides a useful summary, the collection is quite well unified. The result is a demanding book that abounds in insight, penetrating analysis and subtle distinctions.

The theme of the collection is a battle on two fronts concerning modality and kindred notions. On one front, Fine is arguing against a broadly empiricist tradition represented by W.V. Quine and David Lewis, which attempts to reduce all modal claims to claims about regularities (within, respectively, our actual universe and Lewis' pluriverse). In contrast with this empiricist tradition, Fine is a modalist (that is, he insists on the distinctive and irreducible...

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