Uranium mining activities in the Jaduguda region of Jharkhand state, India have been carried out for the last five decades. Radioactive releases from mines, ore processing facility and tailings pond may increase the natural radiation dose to members of the public residing around the complex. It is, therefore, imperative to investigate the radiological condition around the uranium mining complex and assess the dose received by them. In the present study, it was estimated that the average radiation dose from all exposure pathways to the public living in villages around the mining complex is 2.5 mSv y−1 and around 50 % contributed due to inhalation of radon and its progeny. The external radiation dose due to terrestrial and cosmic activity is estimated to be 1.1 mSv y−1, which is 40 % of the total dose and ingestion dose contributes only 3% to the total dose.

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