Creso M Sá, Jeffrey Litwin; University-industry research collaborations in Canada: the role of federal policy instruments. Sci Public Policy 2011; 38 (6): 425-435. doi: 10.3152/030234211X12960315267732
Canada's research policy has aimed to facilitate technology transfer from universities and induce innovation in industry for the past three decades. This article examines the policy instruments currently employed by the federal government in Canada to stimulate university-industry research linkages. First, the article examines the national landscape of industry R&D and its interface with university research. Then, multiple policy instruments are identified, and their goals and functions are examined. Finally, the article discusses the main features and implications of Canada's policy approach.