This paper describes the results of a trial to assess the efficacy in reducing the density of larval production sites of utilizing community involvement in the planning and implementation of an Aedes aegypti control programme, in a dengue-endemic city in Honduras. In addition to a substantial increase in knowledge about dengue transmission and prevention, a relative reduction in Ae. aegypti larval infestation indices was found in those city neighbourhoods where community involvement was utilized compared with their untreated counterparts. Several methods of improving the impact of this type of programme are discussed.

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