867 individuals from 3 sites near the town of Adjumani in the East Moyo region of north-west Uganda were investigated clinically and serologically for evidence of current trypanosome infections. Blood samples were taken from 94 persons with a positive card agglutination test for trypanosomiasis (catt) and clinical suspects and inoculated into the kit for in vitro isolation of Trypanosoma brucei gambiense (kivi). Amongst this group, 30 parasitaemic individuals were identified by microhaematocrit centrifugation and the quantitative buffy coat technique (QBC®). Only 80% of these isolates, and one isolate from an aparasitaemic individual, grew in culture. The success or failure of cultures from parasitaemic patients was unrelated to the size of the trypanosome inoculum. The implications of these results and possible reasons for the failure of kivi are discussed.

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