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Information for Authors


The mission of The World Bank Economic Review is to encourage and support research in the field of development economics. We seek to publish and disseminate innovative theoretical and empirical research that identifies, analyzes, measures, and evaluates the macro- and micro-economic forces that promote or impede economic development with a view towards providing the knowledge necessary for designing, implementing, and sustaining effective development policies in low- and middle-income countries. Our intended audience comprises a worldwide readership of economists and other social scientists in government, business, international agencies, universities, and research institutions. 

While the WBER is supported by the World Bank its mission is to the field of economic development as a whole. The editors are happy to consider high quality research from inside or outside the World Bank; all submissions are subject to the same refereeing process and standards. Consistency with the policy of the World Bank plays no role in the selection of articles. 

Submission of an article will be taken to imply that it is original research by the author and that it is not under consideration for publication in any other outlet or form.


Our process is single blind; only the referees are anonymous and author names and affiliations should be included on the title page of the submission. Articles are reviewed by at least two referees from the World Bank and/or from outside the institution.


The World Bank Economic Review requires that accepted papers include sufficient information on data sources and methods that work can be replicated by other researchers. This requirement is normally met through online posting on the journal website of a file that includes archival summary, data and relevant computational files. If data are proprietary or the requirement otherwise cannot be met, this should be noted in a cover letter to the editor on submission.


Please note that from October 15, 2013 we will only be accepting submissions made online at http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/wber. Full instructions for online submission can be found here or via the online submission site. If you have any queries please contact WBER@worldbank.org.


Submissions should not exceed 50 pages at 12 point font and double spaced. The page limits for the actual publication will depend on the extent and nature of the contribution. Authors are encouraged to use a supplementary on-line appendix for additional material. Only full papers are considered for publication, not summaries or editorials.


The decision on whether or not a paper is sent for refereeing is taken by the editors, generally within one to two weeks of submission. Once a paper is sent for refereeing all possible efforts are made to give authors as rapid a turnaround as possible. Referees are expected to submit their reports within a five weeks period and are offered an incentive fee if they meet the required schedule. The maximum time it takes for an editorial decision (first round) to be given is 3 months, which compares favorably to other peer-reviewed journals.


Authors invited to resubmit are expected to turn in their revised manuscript within six months. An extension will be considered on request.


Authors should provide supplemental material (appendices, additional tables and figures, etc.) along with their article in a separate file. This material will be made available online rather than in the printed journal. The supplemental material will be accessible to subscribers from a web-based link on the journal's web site. All supplemental material will be posted online exactly as it is submitted, without copyediting or typesetting.


Details of all funding sources for the work in question should be given in a separate section entitled 'Funding'. This should appear before the 'Acknowledgements' section. 

The following rules should be followed:

  • The sentence should begin: "This work was supported by"
  • The full official funding agency name should be given, i.e. "National Institutes of Health", not "NIH" (full RIN-approved list of UK funding agencies) Grant numbers should be given in brackets as follows: "[grant number xxxx]"
  • Multiple grant numbers should be separated by a comma as follows: "[grant numbers xxxx, yyyy]"
  • Agencies should be separated by a semi-colon (plus "and" before the last funding agency)
  • Where individuals need to be specified for certain sources of funding the following text should be added after the relevant agency or grant number "to [author initials]".

An example is given here: "This work was supported by the National Institutes of Health [AA123456 to C.S., BB765432 to M.H.]; and the Alcohol & Education Research Council [hfygr667789]."


For information about this journal's policy, please visit our Author Self-Archiving policy page .


The World Bank Economic Review is happy to announce the launch of the Flexible Color Option, beginning for all articles accepted after January 1, 2009. All figures submitted to the journal in color will be published in color online at no cost (unless the author specifically requests that their figures be in black and white online). Color figures must have a resolution of at least 300 dots per inch at their final size.


Permission to reproduce copyright material, for print and online publication in perpetuity, must be cleared and if necessary paid for by the author; this includes applications and payments to DACS, ARS, and similar licensing agencies where appropriate. Evidence in writing that such permissions have been secured from the rights-holder must be made available to the editors. It is also the author's responsibility to include acknowledgements as stipulated by the particular institutions. Oxford Journals can offer information and documentation to assist authors in securing print and online permissions: please see the Guidelines for Authors section. Information on permissions contacts for a number of main galleries and museums can also be provided. Should you require copies of this, please contact the editorial office of the journal in question or the Oxford Journals Rights department.


The World Bank Economic Review does not accept papers that have been previously published elsewhere with the exception of working papers series. The journal's policy regarding working paper series is:

  • Pre-publication in working paper series is allowed where submission to the working paper series is prior to acceptance by the journal.
  • The working paper version may remain online after publication in the journal.
  • The working paper version should NOT be updated after acceptance by the journal.
  • Authors are requested to append the appropriate citation to the working paper version on acceptance by the journal (if the working paper series allows this).


Upon receipt of accepted manuscripts at Oxford Journals, authors will be invited to complete an online copyright licence to publish form.

Please note that by submitting an article for publication, you confirm that you are the corresponding/submitting author and that Oxford University Press ("OUP") may retain your email address for the purpose of communicating with you about the article. You agree to notify OUP immediately if your details change. If your article is accepted for publication OUP will contact you using the email address you have used in the registration process. Please note that OUP does not retain copies of rejected articles. 

The World Bank Economic Review authors have the option to publish their paper under the Oxford Open initiative; whereby, for a charge, their paper will be made freely available online immediately upon publication. After your manuscript is accepted the corresponding author will be required to accept a mandatory licence to publish agreement. As part of the licensing process you will be asked to indicate whether or not you wish to pay for open access. If you do not select the open access option, your paper will be published with standard subscription-based access and you will not be charged. 

Oxford Open articles are published under Creative Commons licences. Authors publishing in The World Bank Economic Review can use the following Creative Commons licences for their articles:

  • Creative Commons Non-Commercial licence (CC BY-NC) 
  • Creative Commons non-Commercial No Derivatives licence (CC BY-NC-ND) 
Please click here for more information about the Creative Commons licences. 

You can pay Open Access charges using our Author Services site. This will enable you to pay online with a credit/debit card, or request an invoice by email or post. The open access charges applicable are: 

Regular charge - £1750/ $2800 / €2275 
Reduced Rate Developing Country charge* - £875 / $1400 / €1138 
Free Developing Country charge* - £0 / $0 / €0 
*Visit our Developing Countries page for a list of qualifying countries 

Please note that these charges are in addition to any colour/page charges that may apply. 

Orders from the UK will be subject to the current UK VAT charge. For orders from the rest of the European Union, OUP will assume that the service is provided for business purposes. Please provide a VAT number for yourself or your institution, and ensure you account for your own local VAT correctly.

3rd-Party Content in Open Access Papers

If you will be publishing your paper under an Open Access license but it contains material for which you do not have Open Access re-use permissions, please state this clearly by supplying the following credit line alongside the material: 

Title of content 

Author, Original publication, year of original publication, by permission of [rights holder] 

This image/content is not covered by the terms of the Creative Commons license of this publication. For permission to reuse, please contact the rights holder.


In order to meet your funding requirements authors are required to name their funding sources, or state if there are none, during the submission process. For further information on this process or to find out more about the CHORUS initiative please click here .

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